Whenever you decide getting closer wether to a Cannabis recreational culture or a Cannabis way of medicine or meditation, this is the next question you ask:
Why is Sativa, and What is Indica for?
Pretty everywhere where marijuana is respected and is allowed by law, in every single seeds’ description, every grow-shop, every dispensary, every coffee-shop (whatever the legal weed delivery is called in your country). Everywhere! The weed (except its speccy name) is labeled also: “Sativa”, “Indica”, “Skunk”…
Sometimes percentages like this:
You see? This is one of the most popular specie in the world, and it’s only 75% of indica, and it’s said in the description: Blueberry is a famously enjoyable and classy cannabis that has a tasty flavor and vibrant colours. This indica is known for its colourful fan leaves and purplish bud that produce a fruity flavor and taste. This is an excellent strain for pain relief and relaxation.
How To Distinguish, and — Why?
This is the easy question, don’t be afraid of it too much. One my friend once told me a simple formula to catch the basic idea: Sativa is to laugh, and Indica is to sleep. Not exactly this, better say not only this, but it shows the idea pretty perfectly still being easy to remember. Skunk however is the indoor breeders’ mix of Indica and Sativa (wiki) taking its name from the animal due to a strong smell which these species provide. Just to note that there are only two main families: Indica and Sativa, and skunk is not a number three, but just used widely in the coffee-shops of Amsterdam.
Well… Many sources however point at first to the shape of a plant and teach us how to distinguish between Indica and Sativa when they are in a form of a plant yet… as if we meet plants daily on the streets or trotting around a jungle, as if there is much difference when a friend offers a puff and you refuse because of a wrong plant-family.
Here we go the cannabis leaves of Sativa (on the left) and Indica (on the right):
The main difference however is that SATIVA contains more of THC (not always but in general). This is why it is “for laughing”, being the main psychoactive component of marijuana THC affects the brain, therefore you feel more “higher” out of more amount of THC consumed. Even a little bit hallucinogenic it may be with strong strains, sources se so, but I’d say to get this high from a simple Cannabis is not easy, you’ll need to train yourself to feel your body and play with your brain and feelings (kind-a spend years in a temple in India smoking religiously all the time… “hallucinogenic” is not that you see monsters all around right after one puff, don’t worry))).
As for INDICA… It does not mean AT ALL that you’re not high with Indica, it’s fine too, but just contains (in general) more of CBD which gives you relaxation and pain relief (if any) and this is the reason why it is referred as “for sleep” and this is the reason why Indica is more considered to be MEDICAL marijuana.
PLANTSSATIVA is more straight and tall plant, loosely branched with long and narrow leaves, basically much more taller than a Cannabis Indica plant. While INDICA is more like a bush, densely branched and wider leaves (see the image to compare), and significantly lower in height. It’s said that Sativa can reach up to 10-20 feet height in the wild, and this is another reason why breeders mix both Indica and Sativa into the INDOOR strains to inherit the smaller height of Indica to keep the plants still lower than your growing space is.
THC / CBDINDICA contains in general more of CBD and less of THC. Therefore it is considered more for the medical use, relaxing, calm and pain-releasing. While SATIVA is highly energetic, stimulating and adds some extra activity to the brain too, more “trippy” so to say. It’s not that Indica does not provide a trip, yet it contains less of THC: read the related article for this THC: Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol
Growing INDICA is more often considered as an AMATEUR strain to grow your own Marijuana supply in a household. Don’t worry, you’ll be high enough, and you’ll get all medical effects too, Indica is not bad, but just EASIER, and it stands better against pests and climate conditions…
If you want start, then start from this one: The DARK ANGEL seeds!
Pros and Cons For Dark Angel:
Easy to grow — the best offer for the beginner’s first try! Still enjoying the high-end cannabis strain in the end with a smooth aroma of coffee and nutmeg… from growers to beginner growers, the perfect choice!
AutoFem — means that you get one trouble less.
It’s a 50% of Sativa and 50% of INDICA mix, so you get all-in-one this time before you choose your own preference, what to grow and what to smoke, or even growing different strains for the different mood… This one is Perfect for starters as we say.
Can reach up to 20% of THC!! The highest standard on the market.
Contains 0.4% of CBD which makes this one good for a MEDICAL use too! The best value on the cannabis market for the feminized seeds!! The best of the best CBD offer however is BlueBerry (not feminized – Moderate difficulty to grow) which contains 1.4%, and the second best is Afghani (Expert difficulty to grow) strain with only 0.99%. The last two are ranked as Moderate to Expert for growing, better start your herb medicine from Dark Angel, I think.
Dark Angel shall take less than 8 weeks to flower! Quite fast, eh? Just compare it to 3-4 months of outdoor growing for a regular stuff in a regular green-house… sometimes more.
The terms of “Indica” and “Sativa” were suggested for the first time by French biologist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck in 1785, while his comparing the Cannabis plants grown in India which were used to produce highly psychoactive hashish for religious purpose, to those from Europe mainly used for ropes and cloth, he discovered that the latter was less psychoactive. Exactly the difference between “herb” and “cannabis” legal terminology nowadays.
However, the modern breeders are already far from these initial classification. Most of strains are the mixture of these two, and Indica may already contain good amount of brain-altering compounds, and scientists even debate to change the terminology already. But for the everyday use, for the marketing and for the home-growing referring to cannabis plants as Indica or Sativa still works good.