Rastafarians Do Not Say “We” for Plurality
The religious meaning is that a Rastafari is a part of god, at the same time a living man, which is exactly described as an “I” (as the personal pronoun). Because everyone is an “I”, a Rastafari does not say “we” for plurality, but says “I and I”. They often replace some syllables with “I”, like, “eternal” translated into “I-ternal”, “creator” into “I-reator” and “hour” into “I-owa”. The Roman numeric one, which is also I, follows the name of Haile Selassie I, demonstrating the divinity of His Imperial Majesty, Rastafarians believe.
SelassieL! What is “L” doing here?
The followers of the Rastafari religion use the name of HIM (his imperial majesty) for blessing and more often to express the feeling the divine inspiration, “be blessed”, “god bless”, even “godspeed” at times, but just replacing the numeric “I” with an “L”. In Cuba and other Spanish Caribbean islands they surely do, I’m not very-very confident about Jamaica itself, need a reference, yet I think it must be the same even if migrated back:
— Obviously that capital “I” serving as the roman numeric “1” appears very alike to a lower case “l” (L). Particulary in this saying all letters have a sound where “ie” forms two separate sounds, / i / followed by / e /, due to the Spanish origin of the use —
Pronounce it as “Selássi-eL!”. God bless.
To make this post clear, we suggest several definitions, many of us, marijuana lovers, already know who is Selassie and why the Lion, yet we pack it briefly into this, err, vocabulary:
★ Jah — is the name of God in Rastafarian religion, basically the Abrahamic branch, along with Judaism, Islam and all sects of Christianity. Jesus, Jahvee, Allah, Jah, whatever you call it is still the same “personality” (monoteistic deity) of all Abrahamic religions (or branches).
★ Haile Selassie I — is the last King of Ethiopia, His Imperial Majesty (H.I.M.), the King of Kings, and the central person and the Messiah (second coming of Christ, no less) in the Rastafarian religion. Rastafarians believe he is the direct decendant of biblical King Solomon and Queen of Sheba, therefore a holy person and the deity which they practically worship. And then Ethiopia is Caanan, the promised land.
★ Zion, or Mount Zion — is a biblical place, which Rastfarians have “moved” from Israel to Africa, in their belief. The traditional (christian) definition of heaven has been rejected as a “spiritual place in the sky”, promoting then that the Mount Zion is the “heaven on earth”.
★ Babylon — is every negative aspect of the “western culture”, which Rastafarian religion opposes in the lyrics of ska and reggae, namely: the law enforcement, the government when going mad, sometimes UK, almost always USA, along with specific political leaders including but not limited to Vatican religious authorities, etc, etc.
That’s it, and we continue listing up the rare facts about Rastafarians:
Ska was a pop-version of reggae, called “bluebeat” in England, a mix of jazz and blues, outdated by now and rarely in use, so to say: a precursor of reggea. Developed in 1950-60s as a mild protest against social and political conditions in Jamaica. While sounding happy and content ska rhythmes were about pain and suffering of people of Jamaica under governmental regime, very alike to Reggea but in a softer manner of blues. Ska also introduced Jamaican drumming for the first time, long before the transformation into reggea. Famous ska titles were: “Oh Carolina”, “Another Moses”, “Babylon Gone”.
Female Corruptive Influence
Ska musicians expressed deep personal pain they gain from the political forces, and also (surprise!) the pain from the “corruptive influence of a female”, promoting that the temptation of female flesh eventually leads in general to broken hearts, loneliness and teardrops. Well, this explains a lot the meaning of Bob Marley’s “No woman, no cry”, while being romantic in sound it is practically a desgrace of the female role in a society. Not a popular opinion nowadays. Oops!
There are (at least) two monuments to Judah Lion in Addis Ababa
Historically, the Lion is the symbol of the Judah tribe, and is a symbol of the Rastafarian movement, because biblical King Solomon was of the Judah tribe, which also means that His Imperial Majesty King of Kings Haile Selassie is of the Judah tribe as well. The Lion is depicted in his coat of arms, and there are TWO beautiful monuments to this Lion in Addis Ababa.
One was erected in 1930, on the occasion of coronation of Haile Selassie I:
And another one, comissioned in 1954 by His Imperial Majesty Haile Selassie I:
Sometimes, the Lion of Judah is called the Lion of Zion. Both are correct more or less.
Some of Rude Boys were Rastafarians
In 1965 in Jamaica the unemployed ghetto youths, 14-25 years old, living in the shanytown of Kingston, the capital city of Jamaica, formed the strong and well-organized rebellion force armed with knives, cutlasses and guns. They became a certain threat to the middle class, looting houses and shops, clashing violently and quite successfully against the law enforcement, living only for “run faster, jump higher, fuck longer” as they claimed. Rude Boys embraced the image of an outlaw hero, and a symbol of new generation opposing to the system which (they suggested) produced the unemployment and poverty in Jamaica. Guess, that for “ruddies” marijuana was not a spirituality.
However, some were pretending to be and claiming they were Rastafarians, adopting the the Rastafarian language, appearance, dreadlocks. Consequently, citizens of Jamaica organically associated Rude Boys to the already existing negatively lunatic image of Rastafari.
Rastafarians in their turn hardly supported any connection to rudies, and denied it simply because they had never encouraged, neither promoted as a valid solution any violent action towards to or suffering for other people in exchange for gaining own liberty. Rastafarians and Rude Boys, both highlighting the identical goals to “fight” povetry and oppression, indeed espoused two radically different ideologies.
Haile Selassie influenced the incorporation of “rudies” into Reggae
While Haile Selassie’s only visit to Jamaica, in 1966, about 100,000 people wer in the airport, it was said, that about only 10,000 of them were Rastafarians, smoking bongs and chanting. The long-awaited Messiah finally arrived on the island. His Imperial Majesty’s mission (among other goals) was to influence the public opinion persuading political leaders of Jamaica that the Rastas could no longer be written off as “dangerous freaks”.
And, at the same exact time, King of Kings has spoken to Rastafarian leaders and proposed a new concept to them — to refuse the idea of physical repatriation to Africa (to the biblical Canaan, the promised land) but replacing it with the idea of political liberation of Jamaica.
Since then — the Rastafarian music, the Reggea, already transforming from Ska to Reggae under influence of R&B, applied to be relatively aggressive and more political. The reggae musicians since then have applied to building the heroic image out of “ruddies” (Rude Boys), demonstrating the virtual alliance between Rude Boys and Rastafarians united from now on against the common enemy, the system that produced unemployment and poverty, the Babylon Evil.
From Ska passive crying Rastafarians slowly switched to Reggea-struggle, the sounds of reggae had changed to the sounds of a society in the process of transformation, religious Rastafarians became also a political power, eventually, promoting rebellion and liberation.
Why Ras Tafari
This is a pretty simple one, no mystics and no magic around. Rastafari worship the King of Kings, His Imperial Majesty Haile Selassie I (of Ethiopia), whose real-world name before being a king was Tafari Makonnen, who was a Duke of Harrar in Ethiopia in his youth as a crown prince, and “Ras” is the word for “Duke” in Ethiopian language. Ras Tafari = Duke Tafari, the ruler of Harrar.
Love is the very idea
The said may call an “agressive image” for the western way of thinking but in reality the Rastarians oppose that western thinking dramatically, they are in reality the silent protesters, and the peaceful rebels, they express their claims and demands exclusively through the music and never mean a violent action. Love and Peace expressing it in asceticism.
We are truly humble people whose response to evil is to flee from itBongo Dizzy says in “Bongo-man”, rastafarian newspaper, 1968
We have to go to Africa to live with our brothers and sisters there. Blacks remember, our King Haile Selassi grant land space for us in EthiopiaRasta Historian, the contributor-writer to “Bongo-man” newspaper, 1968
One of the most romantic images of all time — the Pirates of the Caribbean. Pirate argo or ‘Pirate slang’ short vocabulary here we’ve got:
SHIPSHAPE — is for anything in a proper shape and/or in a great order and worthy, also see the definitions for TRIM down below on this page. I hope this is a shipshape article for the blog. No tacking around. Aye-aye.
We’ve tried making this selection to pick the words which are usefull ashore, or in the modern language. Hope, the are universal.
SLACK WATER — the period between a tide and a tide, when the water goes nowhere: neither up nor down, basically it’s changing the direction, and it’s calm for short while.
BLACK JACK — this one is not the game originally, yet more likely giving the name to the game. Well, originally the Black Jack is the barrel of bear used in pubs (short from “public house”) and taverns of that time, as a barrel and also as a table. With the same use onboard of a boat. Why the Jack is Black? Barrels used to be sealed and coated externally with tar, so all those jacks were in fact black ones.
SAVVY — comes from “being smart” or simply “smart” from French, used widely over the pirate community, and it certainly gained another ton of popularity as being promoted in the Pirates of the Caribbean motion picture franchise.
EIGHT BELLS — is a shift. A bell is a sound called manually after the sand glass changed, and the sand glass was 30 min long. A boat making way measures time by sand glass and making bells. If you are on a shift then your 8th bell you hear shall mean the end of the shift, as those shifts are 4 hours long traditionally (till now when a one-hand boat makes it thu the ocean, skippers usually take 4 hour shift before taking a nap). So, eight bells practically means a rest… and a bottle of rum… Yo ho ho!
the T.G.I.F. is a sort of reflection of the EIGHT BELLS
BOAT — a wider term for anything that floats in general, used till today among sailing community for any floating thingy with a sail or any floating thingy classified for the purpose of pleasure. The contrary version is a “ship” which stands for a big boat, a part of navy or a part of larger fleet. A simple solution to pretend you are the mariner: use “boat” anywhere for anything except that you stress specifically she was a ship.
SCURVY DOG — a foul person, as a left handed compliment. It comes from SCURVY which was a term for a disease, identified nowadays as a lack of Vitamin C (softened gums, losing teeth, pain in limbs, breath issues, and overall weakness and tiredness)
ARR, or ARRGH — pure a Holywood (sources say)
AVAST — cease any operation immediately.
ANCIENT — this is how the colors was called once. Both “colors” and “ancient” mean the flag of a ship, ouch, sorry, of a boat.
JOLLY ROGER — is a simple one, it means a pirate flag, usually black one, sometimes white one, often carrying symbols of death, sometimes with a symbols of love (even if broken) and/or liberty; in any case this is the illegal flag (and they are still considered as such) marking the pirate ship. When you see a one, it’s already too late for you, mate. God bless all sailors.
MATE — a friend, a buddy, a dude, a crew member, same use alike Aussie use “mate” nowadays, yet it comes from mariner’s slang. First Mate is the Captain’s right hand officer. I’d wish to suggest there is an obvious logic why the word landed to Australia and stayed there in the language.
JERK — salted beef. Used widely along the whole history of the age of exploration as the best opportunity to carry beef and keep it well in any conditions for an endless term. Jerk is still offered as a food component everywhere in the Caribbean, you keep it in water before cooking for almost a day and it’s still a pretty salty piece, m-m and it is heavenly tasty when properly cooked.
BUCCAN — salted beef. Basically this is where the “Buccaneer” originally comes from, one of the common civil professions in Tortuga 1666 which was not very rich about professions at all, you can imagine.
BUCCANEER — a pirate. See also BUCCAN (above)
BUMBO — an alcoholic beverage: rum, sugar, water and nutmeg.
We will try and report here.
2 (oz) of Rum
the juice of half a lime (optional)
one or two teaspoons of cane sugar
Nutmeg is important!
and then fill the rest of your tin or a mug with water. Shake strongly or use a wooden stick to stir, it’s a pirate’s drink! and it’s a must for a pirate drink to be easy in making.
In case you have an oportunity to use a fire stove for making your Grog (or call it Bumbo if you wish):
Heat water, sugar, nutmeg, altogather on a slow fire for a better dissolution, to convert it into a syrop, and this’ll make your shot more tasty, mild and healthy rather than a cold quick version (above). This hot mixture (let it rest to become a few degrees below the boiling point at least) – pour it into rum, or vice versa add rum into the syrop, over here the sequence is less important, then stir and serve it half-hot. Squeezing a lime into a ready glass will not harm, hopefully you’ve got a good lime for it.
The other name for Bumbo was “Grog” (see below)
GROG — a mixture of water and rum, suggested by Admiral Vernon as a daily portion of alcohol for sailors in the British Navy (the nickname of that admiral within sailor’s community was Old Grog). Nutmeg used to be an often cargo of those times, and it is commercially cultivated in the Caribbean till nowadays like in Grenada, by that adding nutmeg is very important for the original taste of proper Grog (see BUMBO article above)
CAPTAIN’S DAUGHTER is a CAT-O-NINE TALES, that ones used for punishment.
DEVIL’S JIG — to hang
CUT OF ONE’S JIB — one’s company, one’s surround, one’s business, one’s opinions, whatever personal for a person. Just be careful about your cut of the jib when using this slang.
Basically, JIB is a foresail(s) shipshaped in a form of a triangle, located between the foremast and the bowsprit. They make any boat beautiful. In modern classic sloop rigged yacht – JIB is the front sail. And when it covers an area bigger than the main (main sail on the single mast of a modern pleasure sloop) it’s then called “Genoa”.
TIMBERS — the framework of a boat
TRIM — well settled, well balanced, ready to use, in a great order. See BOATSHAPE
WEATHER EYE OPEN — or ‘keep one’s weather eye open’, it’s for to stay alerted, keep watching, being on watch, watch out.
WEIGH or ANCHORS AWEIGH — a situation when the movement starts: that is an anchor starts giving a weight, means that it is clean and untouches the sea floor where it was lying moments before. Consequently the boat starts the movement safely.
TYBURN — is a place of legend in England, where the executions of the “lower class” had happened, those were robin hoods of the highways, pirates, ladies disgraced by society (dear God please do never forgive those devils suppressing upon beautiful women)
TYBURN TREE, TYBURN SAINTS, TYBURN TICKET, TYBURN STRETCH — are all about that Tyburn square the scary place and the everyone’s nightmare in London 1666.
Hangman game with a pirate flag is here, opensource: Oxtail.org
TACK ABOUT — to waste time or beat it round the bush. The saying comes from “tack” a naval language term for changing the course of a ship, making the wind to approach from the other side and while the maneuver the bow of the boat points to the wind at some moment. Like when your goal is opposite to the direction of the wind you’re making way in a “Z” shape, you tack a lot.
Decarboxylate weed is the crucial step, especially if you are about to cook your buds (or shake – stems and leaves) to make weed edibles, which are a lot of varieties: CBD or THC tinctures, or THC infused candies, brownies, cheesecakes or whatever else eatable: find weed recipes in our cookbook app – anyway they all require the weed, the buds or shake – stems and leaves and they work good too, to be decarboxylated in advance, and packed into a butter or oil for storage and for further use in weed edible recipes.
Decarboxylation (as it follows from the name) is a chemical process that removes a carboxyl compounds and mainly releases from the cannabis plant carbon dioxide which is CO2. The reverse reaction is called carboxylation and is basically a part of photosynthesis, which is the addition of CO2 to a compound.
When you cure cannabis it is decarboxylation that happens, when the THCA acid (where “A” stands for “acid” and it is not yet a THC) which dominates in trichomes in a raw plant, slowly turns to be a THC. You smoke – this is the same chemical process, but we need now to make the half-way, to generate THC, and keep it, but not to burn or otherwise destroy it. This is a simple yet comprehensive guide on how to activate THC in your stuff for cooking the best cannabis edibles from it.
Why do I need to Decarboxylate weed?
Sometimes referred as “to decarb” — a fancy word:
— Dude, for how long d’you decarb in the oven, man?
It is already a very well known information that it’s heat you need to activate THCA in cannabis, by burning it down you convert THCA into THC, consequently the latter one is affecting the consumer’s brain in the desirable way but not THCA itself. Technically speaking there are two processes running when you bake it, firstly the THCA-molecules turn to be a THC (decarboxylation) and then secondly under more heat THC changes from solid state into gas (vaporization) and you puff it and it absorbs into body and then blood delivers it into brain and finally it hits into your mind! Bham! The same release of water and carbon dioxide naturally occurs during the drying process (curing) and the same runs but instantly when you burn one down.
It’s alright when puffing, yet it’s still recommended to decarboxylate weed for smoking too, and this is called to cure. Why so? Because it’s a waste of material: burning in flame in a blunt is too fast and too hot, a whole lot of your THCA does not react. When you cure before smoking you get more of THC in the same blunt, which evaporates completely kind-of skipping Phase-I. It’s also important to worry about trichomes’ colour when you grow as it is milky or amber by the reason.
For the edibles decarboxylation is even more critical, and without it it’ll be waste of time and material. Unless you want just a yummi, but obviously you’re not for that reason here. Long story short, the Decarboxylation will allow your edibles and tinctures to be potent.
How to Decarboxylate weed?
Basically it’s heat that your need. Not too hot to prevent THC from being destroyed and this temperature limit is 350℉ (176℃), neither too cold in order to ignite the THCA conversion into THC compound. And you wish to hold it around 220-235℉ (105-112℃) during the entire process. Because the heat regime is sooo critical, I’d recommend using your own calibrated cooking thermometer (the one used for candy-making or steaks) and be in charge when doing, consider rolling in advance before you start, hahahaha ))
The note is that the main factor is temperature. Prepare everything ready in advance, grind buds gently, do everything with care – and keep an eye on temperature. Since its value lies between 220-235 Fahrenheit (104-112 Celsius) and all will be fine. Do not hesitate to use a cooking thermometer, maybe the most useful gear for cannabis edibles. And a quick stir every 10-15 minutes may be helpful for the best decarboxylation too.
To start it – Grind your stuff. Unless this is a trim or shake by itself already, which btw can fit to all your CBD/THC edibles very nicely (and recommended at times!) with the pretty same effect but just a bit more of stuff you need to get the same high amount of THC or CBD whatever of these two you’re chasing, or both XD
Cooking slowly is always the proper approach for the cannabis edibles as soon as they are sooo critical to heat. Also keep doing experiments of your own bravely yet applying some caution. Keeping notes is another perfect idea to master your skills.
Place a sheet of parchment paper on your baking sheet and spread your cannabis trim out over it into a one fairly thin layer. It may not dry out properly if you crowd it.
Place the baking sheet into the oven and let it hang out for 25-35 minutes. Always stay below 235℉ (112℃) it’s important. If a trim is dry enough it rarely takes longer than 20-25 min, but for a completely raw plant, it may take even a double amount of time. As many 420 Chefs, as many tricks and opinions, and you try experimenting by yourself to discover the best way of your own. It’s only you who knows your stuff well, an it’s you having preferences for your favourite CBD edibles.
Once the cannabis appears nice and dry in the oven, take it from there, and let it rest in room temperature until being entirely cooled. Now you can use your great decarboxylated weed for whatever cannabis cooking application!
Cultivating Proper Trichomes – colour matters!!