Marijuana in Colombia

Colombian unit of “Forbes” suggests that Marijuana market in Colombia is reaching 166 million dollars in sales by 2025. The very weed-growing place on Earth this one was ever before, and even more it is now, the whole lot of cannabis companies, investors and private marijuana enterpreneurs appear in the country since the government has changed the strategy towards legal cannabis. The very milestone for the whole marijuana industry happened in 2016 when FARC (the, so called, cocaine syndicate, indeed it was a liberation army) negotiated peace with the government, bringing peace into the country after 50-year long civil war, and, also allowing the legal cannabis business in Colombia to continue ever since as the lawful enterprise.

Drug-dealing image of the past plays a positive role for Colombia now

Colombia obviously bears a certain image of the drug dealing place, mainly for its cocaine exports going out for half a century into all countries all around the planet. Panama channel, the biggest maritime hub of the world, played its role in it too, and the clashes on the border between Colombian syndicate force and government troops of both Colombia and Panama happened all the time, the babylon news say so, people in Panama say so, governments say so. That was the place where the war on plants went beyond “the cops surpressing children”, but more likely shaped into the form of a real fullscale war between the armed forces, far bigger than just a rebellion.

From the other side, no doubt, “the Colombian” became the synonim to “the Quality” in the street black markets of all countries, from those involved into consumption of drugs. The whole story is getting to be already the ancient history quite quickly, the war has gone, the Colombian government signed the historical peace treaty with the FARC syndicate, and the president is eventually got awarded by the Nobel prize for this. All is well. The peaceful new age arrived upon the beautiful country and it’s time to set the clock to 4:20.

420 time in Colombia, weed truck marijuana loaded transportation
Colombian stuff means quality and it is 4:20 time in the whole country

Well, the past is the past, and now the un-intentinal strategy of making colombian quality trademark is a good card to play, the Canna World Congress takes place in Colombia, which is a good news for the nation, we shall hope it’ll grow into a big worldwide event influencing the industry. Here is the logic: the Colombian coffee, one of the best in the world, who may argue? and this fact clearly demonstrates the farming skills of the growers, the knowledge, the technology of the farming, along with Colombian soil and Colombian sun, are altogether the very proper combination.

Peace treaty with FARC

The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, also called FARC, from Spanish Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, was formed in 1964 as a Marxism-Leninism war unit to oppose the imperialism. Ever since, all the way till 2016, the country experienced the endless fullscale civil war between the government and the FARC. It’s not the editorial of this website to judge which party was right’er and which was wrong’er, but the history of the world says both were badasses, with the only difference that only one of them making the official stats for casualities among and violations against civilians.

Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) Colours

Anyway, among other activities (like politically motivated kidnappings) the famous colombian drug trade was what FARC was doing to raise funds, having the well established taxation system in the territories of their control, allowing farmers to grow, mostly cocaine and weed also, and in exchange giving the effective protection from the government enforcement. So, in 2012, after 50 years of the civil war, the long-long negotiated started, resulting the national referendum and then the Peace Treaty signed by both sides in 2016 in Havana, Cuba.

It’s in your hands, of all Colombians, to decide with your vote to support this historic accord that puts an end to this long conflict between the children of the same nation, —

President Juan Manuel Santos (of Colombia) said, according to an Associated Press translation, prior to the national referendum on the peace treaty with FARC

The part of the deal touched the drug trafficking, so that FARC should stop making cash out of worldwide cocaine trade, and by that allowing the government to develop the rural communities, whereto they have had quite a limited access in times of war. And the drug legislation of the country has been changing along with the peace negotiation, of course.

Marijuana Laws in Colombia

In 1994 the possession was decriminalized in Colombia, by decision of the Contitutional Court, making the country to be among the first countries, like Uruguay, Netherlands, Portugal, Argentina, not many but they are a number, loosing the tention of the globally histerical war on plants. Personal use has become legal de-juro, and possession of 20 grams of weed for personal use are not prosecuted since 2012, and also this includes 1 gram of cocaine. Home cultivation of 20 plants for personal use is legal since 2015.

However, the anti-plant activists applied another attempt to limit marijuana use back again, when the government quite suddenly disallowed the use of weed in public areas in 2018, also enabling police to perform personal search and confiscation of drugs, including those small decriminalized amounts of porro in violation of the existing laws. Half a year later the consitutional court acknowledged the mentioned “enforcement” being unconstitutional, in 2019.

Do not forget to check on all laws, decrets, latest news before doing anything in this regard in any foreign country, it is not yet a total nirvanna in the world yet, many changes apply continiously, and especially nowadays they are frequent everywhere.

Law 1787 is the main on Cannabis Business in Colombia

The Law 1787, dated: 6th of July of 2016, is now the main document for the cannabis market in Colombia, allowing production, trade, transport, import and export of medical cannabis, industrial hemp, or other scientific purpose, and by far not allowing explicitly the recreational trade except of the personal use (which is not the trade) with the 20 grams in personal possession, and 20 plants at home.

The business activity on cannabis should be licensed, this law suggests, by National Institute of Control on Medical Substances, and in Spanish, in case you need it for search to explore more on the topic, its name is: Instututo Nacional de de Vigilancia de Medicamentos y Alimentos.

And yet another useful link would be the Association of Cannabis Industries:

USA East Coast – All You Need About Weed Laws

The United States of America is among nations with multiple regulations and legalizations that shape the cannabis laws. Despite being a country with a massive population and cultural diversity, it has one of the thriving cannabis markets.

Cannabis is still federally scheduled as illegal drug in the United States. However, many states have locally legalized its use either for medical purposes, recreation, or both. As a result, strict guidelines are in place outlining how trade and consumption should take place. Several scientific studies are currently taking place to help to shape the further regulations, to guide both the global and the internal cannabis markets.

In this article, we focus on how various states in the East Coast of the United States have taken up marijuana laws. And you can find the latest West Coast review by this link.

General Cannabis Laws In The US East Coast

Nothing of the said can be construed as a legal advice, by no means.

In the US, California is one of the states with a remarkable progress in cannabis market regulations. This has led to a thriving market expected to generate $3,1 billion in 2019. The USA East Coast is a region with up to 15 states including Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, South Carolina, Florida, Georgia, New Jersey, Maine and New Hampshire, Delaware, North Carolina, New Hampshire, and Connecticut.

The laws guiding cannabis use, sale, growth, and distribution in these states vary considerably. Nonetheless, they all respond to some key areas such as user’s age, amounts for individual possession, growth, sale, and legal penalties.

Marijuana Cultivation

States such as Massachusetts allows an individual to grow up to six plants for one person and up to 12 plants for two or more adults. This varies only slightly in the state of Maine, where adults over 21 years can legally grow up to 3 flowering marijuana plants. The condition, though, is that each plant is grown at the individual’s home residence and is out of public view or reach for persons under 21 years of age.

New Jersey is among states in the East Coast where marijuana is outlawed, and a possession of even small amounts for personal use is a crime. The use of medical marijuana in New Jersey is acceptable under limited circumstances.

In Connecticut, regulations outline that marijuana for medical use grows buildings with the same conditions and standards as pharmaceutical factories. Patients who wish to use marijuana have to register with the state. There are 11 medical conditions for which you are allowed to use medical marijuana in Connecticut.

Weed in a Pocket

Now about possession. The amount of marijuana an individual can possess is another important aspect of regulation. The physical status of the product (liquid, dry, seed, or fresh) may determine just how much cannabis you can possess in a particular state. In the state of Maine, the limit for adult possession is up to 2,5 ounces (about 70 grams) and a similar amount for marijuana plus a marijuana concentrate.

The state of Rhode Island has legalized medical marijuana since 2006, and there are several medical dispensaries across the state. However, possession of marijuana exceeding one ounce (about 25-30 grams) attracts prosecution as a misdemeanor charge. A first time offender may incur a jail term, a criminal record or conviction or a fine between $200 – $500.

Sale and Distribution

The laws regarding selling and distribution of cannabis relate to form, amount, and place. Like other regulatory frameworks, they differ significantly among the states on the East Coast. In the recent law decriminalizing marijuana in Delaware, only 15 cannabis store retailers have licenses to sell and produce. According to this law, additional permits are a subject to an increased demand.

Although the Delaware law prohibits home cultivation, 50 cultivation sites and 30 product manufacturers are set to receive licenses, with a raft of factors considered before this legalization. People intending to go into this business would pay a $5,000 application fee and a biennial renewal fee of $10,000.

In Georgia, some government institutions have permission to grow marijuana. However, only six private companies have licenses to grow cannabis and produce medical cannabis oil. Of the six, two can grow up to 100,000 square feet cannabis space while the other four have a 50,000 square feet limit. The total area under cannabis cultivation in Georgia would be approximately 9 acres. For distribution, pharmacies licensed by the State Board of Pharmacy could sell low-THC oil, while the Georgia Access to Medical Cannabis Commission undertakes approval of private dispensaries for sale of low-THC oil (find a recipe in out cookbook)

Scary part of it

There is also a significant difference in the kind of punishment attracted by violating marijuana laws in various states in the USA East Coast. Most states vary the age of marijuana users to be above 18 years or above 21 years. At 18 years of age, most states consider an individual as an adult who can make independent decisions and choices in life.

In Florida, medical marijuana has been legal since 2016. In the meantime, there are several bills currently undergoing legal processes to determine precisely how the cannabis market functions. Current laws however allow fines of up to $200,000 and up to 30 years in prison for possession of marijuana.

Recreational cannabis is also illegal in Pennsylvania as well as in South Carolina.

In New York, it is illegal to have cannabis that contains more than 0.3% THC. THC is the chemical known to bring about psychoactive properties in marijuana.

In Maryland, adults can possess marijuana not exceeding 10 grams.

In the end of the Day

The changes affecting the cannabis market are happening across the globe. This presents policymakers and other stakeholders with an opportunity to enhance the market. This is through putting in place a supporting framework that allows the industry to grow specific areas that cannabis regulation has to look, including international trade as well as transportation, quantity, quality, and so on.

The diversity in regulations across states in the USA East Coast demonstrates a need for a harmonized approach to cannabis. This could mainly be helpful, considering that several scientific studies still confirm that cannabis has beneficial properties to human health.