What are Terpenes and Why You Should Consider Them When Choosing the Right Strain?

Taking a walk to work or using the subway can be inconvenient primarily due to the pungent smell; the weed in your pocket is producing. Many are the times we wish to be discreet during transportation, but the scent leads to the identification of cannabis. Well, you may think that this is the only need for an aromatic fragrance in a strain.

However, it is not; the right fragrance helps you select a strain of your preference. It ensures that you get the right amount of THC or CBD in your chosen strain. It maximizes the effects of each Indica or Sativa strains to deliver the desired outcomes.

What are terpenes?

These are organic compounds that are present in several plants that give any plant, including cannabis its fragrance or odour. Studies indicate that there are over 20,000 different types of terpenes. Amongst these, over 100 of the terpenes are present in the cannabis plants or flowers. Your only questions when purchasing weed are either concerning the strain, its effects, or the amount of CBD or THC in it. However, by identifying the smell, you get to know the terpenes present in cannabis and make your choice wisely.

What is the entourage effect?

Ever thought of how effective a strain is after you take it? It might be as a result of the entourage effect. Studies define it as a synergistic relationship that helps in improving the impact of cannabis in your body. When cannabinoids and terpenes interact, an entourage effect is what determines how an individual feels. The outcome may work in terms of enhancing the effects of cannabinoids or regulating them to improve your overall experience.

Different types of terpenes

Limonene

Some strains aim at lifting your mood and providing you with a creative front, and an inspiration to complete your work. These strains are mostly Sativa dominant, and some contain limonene. Terpene is a stimulant that has some extreme effects on your behaviour (psychoactive effects).

Strains containing limonene often have a citrus fragrance coupled with herbs. Some herbs such as rosemary, peppermint, and lemons contain limonene, thus why the cannabis usually has a herbal like smell. To get the right high, you might consider smoking the weed using a Glass Percolator Bong (this one is from grasscity), and the effects will be out of this world.

The limonene terpene is essential in reducing a person’s anxiety levels, relieving depression, and alleviating stress. Also, it has critical anti-bacterial effects that enhance digestion, reduces inflammation, and promote absorption of food in the digestive tract:

RelatedLimonene Benefits

RelatedAll about bongs (this website)

Pinene

If your stash has a pine tree scent or fir trees or orange-like, its composition has a lot of pinenes. This terpene also occurs in many Sativa dominant strains. It provides an energy boost and improves your memory, enhancing your mental awareness. It counteracts the effects of THC in the body and is essential in fighting inflammation.

Myrcene

This terpene occurs mostly in Indica strains, check this representative of the family if you like: Nuken Strain. If looking for that relaxing feel, relieving the stress and resting all afternoon, then this is the terpene you should look for in a strain. Not only is a sedative, but it also will ensure that you are on couch lock once you take the weed.

Myrcene has an earthy smell that characterizes most of the cannabis plant types found in the world today. However, it might also have some other smells like fruity and sweet. For instance, the scent of grapes, and sometimes, it may have a gassy like fragrance like that of nutmeg.

It has several benefits, including the ability to fight cancer cells, provide relief to individuals with pain and inflammation. It is an essential anti-biotic and antimutagenic, which indicates its ability to fight tumors.

Beta-Caryophyllene

The terpene identity is its spicy aroma similar to that of black pepper. The terpene has a unique effect on the body’s endocannabinoid system, which makes it essential in providing medical relief. Not only does it enhance an individual’s immune system, but it also helps in reducing the damage that may occur as a result of injuries or diseases.

Studies indicate that this strain can reduce pain and prevent seizures in patients as well as reducing the plaque buildups that often occur in an individual’s arteries. It enhances body cell communication, prevents diseases from attacking your body, and above all, it has essential properties that protect against tumors.

Humulene

This terpene is an essential anti-inflammatory compound found in many cannabis strains. It suppresses appetite aiding in your weight loss adventure. Besides, it is necessary for providing relief from pain such as fighting cancer cells.

Its identification comes from its musky or earthy fragrance and sometimes may include being spicy. In combination with other terpenes such as beta-caryophyllene, their properties improve in functionality. Studies indicate that the effectiveness of these terpenes in conjunction may hugely benefit cancer patients.

Linalool

It is characterized by its floral scent with a hint of spiciness. It has soothing effects that ensure better relaxation, especially after a hard day. Also, linalool is a perfect solution for individuals who have insomnia due to its sedative features

It relieves stress and provides solace for individuals battling anxiety. Its calming effect not only relaxes the mind, but it also helps in muscle relaxation, reducing depression, and tension. With its capabilities, you should look out for it when purchasing your weed supply.

Studies indicate that this terpene is a potent analgesic, with essential pain-relieving properties such as anti-inflammatory. Others suggest that it is anticonvulsant and can effectively aid in reducing seizures.

RelatedLinalool (apothecarium.com)

Conclusion

Understanding terpenes is fundamental in the identification of different cannabis strains to purchase or use. Knowing your needs and the importance of each terpene in the weed helps in making that final decision. With some terpenes enhancing the high effect, some bring it low while others have different medical benefits. As you desire, select the best terpene following your preference in smell (terpene content).

Sativa vs Indica — Making The Right Choice (CBD Matters!)

Whenever you decide getting closer wether to a Marijuana recreational culture or a Cannabis way of medicine or meditation, this is the next question you ask:

Why is Sativa, and What is Indica for?

Pretty everywhere where marijuana is respected and is allowed by law, in every single seeds’ description, every grow-shop, every dispensary, every coffee-shop (whatever the legal weed delivery is called in your country). Everywhere the weed, except its exact speccy name, is labeled also: “Sativa”, “Indica”, “Skunk”… yet the latter we meet seldom these days.

Sometimes with percentages like this:

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This is one of the most popular specie in the world, and it’s only 75% of indica, and it’s said in the description: Blueberry is a famously enjoyable and classy cannabis that has a tasty flavor and vibrant colours. This indica is known for its colourful fan leaves and purplish bud that produce a fruity flavor and taste. This is an excellent strain for pain relief and relaxation.

How To Distinguish Sativa or Indica, and — Why?

This is the easy question, don’t be afraid of it too much. One my friend once told me a simple formula to catch the basic idea: Sativa is to laugh, and Indica is to sleep. Not only this, but it shows the idea pretty well, and easy to remember. ‘Skunk’ however is the indoor-breeders’ MIX of Indica and Sativa (wiki) taking its name from the animal due to a strong smell which these species provide. Just to note that there are only two main families: Indica and Sativa, and skunk is not a number three, but just used widely in the coffee-shops of Amsterdam.

Sativa gives a taller plant comparing to Indica which is more bushy. That is why breeders often add indica into mixture to get the ‘highness’ of sativa but the size of indica.

Many sources however point to the shape of a plant and teach us how to distinguish between Indica and Sativa when they are in a form of a plant… as if we meet plants daily on the streets or trotting around a jungle, as if there is much difference when a friend offers a puff and you refuse because of a wrong plant-family.

Here we go the cannabis leaves of Sativa (on the left) and Indica (on the right):

Indica vs Sativa - leaf shapes
Sativa leaf (on the left) and Indica leaf (on the right)

Sativa

The main difference however is that SATIVA contains more of THC, not always but in general. This is why it is “for laughing”. Being the main psychoactive component of marijuana THC affects the brain, therefore you feel “higher” due to more amount of THC consumed. Even a little bit hallucinogenic it may be with strong strains, sources se-so, but to get that high from a regular marijuana is not easy, you’ll need to train yourself to feel your body well-enough and play with your brain and feelings (some people spend years in temples in India smoking religiously all the time… “hallucinogenic” is not that you see monsters all around right after one puff, don’t worry).

Indica

As for INDICA… It does not mean at all that you’re not high with Indica, it’s very fine too, but just contains (in general) more of CBD which gives you relaxation and pain relief (if any) and this is the reason why it is referred as “for sleep” and this is the reason why Indica is in fact more close to the definition of MEDICAL marijuana.

Summary – Indica and Sativa

PLANTSSATIVA is more straight and tall cannabis plant, loosely branched with long and narrow leaves, basically much more taller than a Cannabis Indica plant. While INDICA is more like a bush, densely branched and wider leaves (see the image to compare), and significantly lower in height. It’s said that Sativa can reach up to 10-20 feet height in the wild, and this is another reason why breeders mix both Indica and Sativa into the INDOOR strains to inherit the smaller height of Indica to keep the plants still lower than your growing space is.

THC / CBDINDICA contains in general more of CBD and less of THC. Therefore it is considered more for the medical use, relaxing, calm and pain-releasing. While SATIVA is highly energetic, stimulating and adds some extra activity to the brain too, more “trippy” so to say. It’s not that Indica does not provide a trip, yet it contains less of THC. You can read the related article about THC tripping: THC: Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol

Growing INDICA is more often considered as an AMATEUR strain to grow your own Marijuana supply in a household. Don’t worry, you’ll be high enough, and you’ll get all medical effects too, Indica is not ‘bad’, but just EASIER, and it stands better against pests and climate conditions.

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More of History

The terms of “Indica” and “Sativa” were suggested for the first time by French biologist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck in 1785. While his comparing the Cannabis plants grown in India which were used to produce highly psychoactive hashish for religious purpose, to those from Europe mainly used for ropes and cloth. Eventually he discovered that the latter was less psychoactive. And this is the very idea to differentiate “herb” and “marijuana” in legal terminology nowadays.

However, the modern breeders are already far from these initial classification. Most of strains are a mixture of two, and Indica may already contain good amount of brain-altering compounds, making scientists to debate to change the terminology. But for the everyday use, for the cannabis marketing and for the home-growing referring to cannabis plants as Indica or Sativa still works good.