Whenever you decide getting closer wether to a Marijuana recreational culture or a Cannabis way of medicine or meditation, this is the next question you ask:
Why is Sativa, and What is Indica for?
Pretty everywhere where marijuana is respected and is allowed by law, in every single seeds’ description, every grow-shop, every dispensary, every coffee-shop (whatever the legal weed delivery is called in your country). Everywhere the weed, except its exact speccy name, is labeled also: “Sativa”, “Indica”, “Skunk”… the latter we meet seldom these days.
How To Distinguish Sativa or Indica, and — Why?
This is the easy question, don’t be afraid of it too much. One my friend once told me a simple formula to catch the basic idea: Sativa is to laugh, and Indica is to sleep. Not only this, but it shows the idea pretty well, and easy to remember. ‘Skunk’ however is the indoor-breeders’ MIX of Indica and Sativa (wiki) taking its name from the animal due to a strong smell which these species provide. Just to note that there are only two main families: Indica and Sativa, and skunk is not a number three, but just used widely in the coffee-shops of Amsterdam.
Sativa gives a taller plant comparing to Indica which is more bushy. That is why breeders often add indica into mixture to get the ‘highness’ of sativa but the size of indica.
Many sources however point to the shape of a plant and teach us how to distinguish between Indica and Sativa when they are in a form of a plant… as if we meet plants daily on the streets or trotting around a jungle, as if there is much difference when a friend offers a puff and you refuse because of a wrong plant-family.
Here we go the cannabis leaves of Sativa (on the left) and Indica (on the right):
The main difference however is that SATIVA contains more of THC, not always but in general. This is why it is “for laughing”. Being the main psychoactive component of marijuana THC affects the brain, therefore you feel “higher” due to more amount of THC consumed. Even a little bit hallucinogenic it may be with strong strains, sources se-so, but to get that high from a regular marijuana is not easy, you’ll need to train yourself to feel your body well-enough and play with your brain and feelings (some people spend years in temples in India smoking religiously all the time… “hallucinogenic” is not that you see monsters all around right after one puff, don’t worry).
As for INDICA… It does not mean at all that you’re not high with Indica, it’s very fine too, but just contains (in general) more of CBD which is more applicable as medicine rather than THC, this CBD works for relaxation and other body-related stuff, and this is the reason why it is referred as “for sleep” and this is the reason why Indica is kind of more close originally to the basic idea of medical marijuana.
Summary – Indica and Sativa
PLANTS SATIVA is more straight and tall cannabis plant, loosely branched with long and narrow leaves, basically much more taller than a Cannabis Indica plant. While INDICA is more like a bush, densely branched and wider leaves (see the image to compare), and significantly lower in height. It’s said that Sativa can reach up to 10-20 feet height in the wild, and this is another reason why breeders mix both Indica and Sativa into the INDOOR strains to inherit the smaller height of Indica to keep the plants still lower than your growing space is.
THC / CBD INDICA contains in general more of CBD and less of THC. Therefore it is considered more for the medical use.
While SATIVA is like energetic and stimulating and it loads an extra activity into the brain, being more “trippy” so to say. It’s not that Indica does not provide a trip, but just contains less of THC. You can read the related article about THC tripping: THC: Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol
Growing INDICA is more often considered as an AMATEUR strain to grow your own Marijuana supply in a household. Don’t worry, you’ll be high enough, and you’ll get all medical effects too, Indica is not ‘bad’, but just EASIER, and it stands better against pests and climate conditions.
Easy to grow — the best offer for the beginner’s first try. Still enjoying the high-end cannabis strain in the end with a smooth aroma of coffee and nutmeg. From growers to beginner growers, the perfect choice!
Feminized — means that you get one trouble less. Yet, not autofem, which may mean you’re still on a beginner’s quest about the light-regimes.
50% of Sativa and 50% of INDICA mix, you get all-in-one this time before you choose your own preferences, what to grow, to smoke, to smell, even growing strains to create a specific mood. Yet, staying in the middle for awhile, is often perfect for starters to gain own errors.
Can reach up to 20% of THC. The high standard on the market.
Contains 0.3% of THC makes such one good for a MEDICAL use too. Most certainly CBD will be contrary high
8 weeks to flower Such shall mean: very fast. FOr indoor with a good care and light regime and nearly perfect temperatures, it’s 3-4 months – still considered fast enough. For outdoor growing for a regular weed in a regular green-house… up to 6 months, or about.
More of History
The terms of “Indica” and “Sativa” were suggested for the first time by French biologist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck in 1785. While his comparing the Cannabis plants grown in India which were used to produce highly psychoactive hashish for religious purpose, to those from Europe mainly used for ropes and cloth. Eventually he discovered that the latter was less psychoactive. And this is the very idea to differentiate “herb” and “marijuana” in legal terminology nowadays.
However, the modern breeders are already far from these initial classification. Most of strains are a mixture of two, and Indica may already contain good amount of brain-altering compounds, making scientists to debate to change the terminology. But for the everyday use, for the cannabis marketing and for the home-growing referring to cannabis plants as Indica or Sativa still works good.
Cannabis plant may suffer a certain amount of problems and sicknesses, and this troubleshooting guide we have compiled as a practical advice to diagnose a problem, how to recognize and prevent the possible seed issues, root issues and stem issues. There can be also pH and water related leaf symptoms, but we focus on the very base – hit which one to jump to: roots, stems and seeds. And in the first place you should find the part of the cannabis plant or type of plant material that is showing a symptom that makes you think there is a problem.
These are the beginning of life for the cannabis plant, and any problems with such a base of life will result in poor performance throughout the entire grow and finally affect the total yields. This is the common picture of cannabis seed we all know it well.
The Ideal Seed
The ideal seed is a dark green, almost brown, may also have sort-a ornamental stripes or markings, also depending on genetics. A viable seed is plump and firm. Applying slight pressure on the seed should not crush the outer coating.
A brittle seed, less brown or too light green, or if you push slightly and it cracks or otherwise break the coating – all these demonstrate that the seed is not yet rite and most probably it will not survive to maturity. Remove such seeds at once. And then while producing the seeds – in case you do not buy ready steady seeds but instead going to do it on your own – it’s recommended to keep them growing until they naturally fall to the ground which is a healthy approach and seeds will be naturally ripe and ready to produce a new healthy cannabis plant in your garden.
The green seed however can be saved, but just there is no actual reason to do so except that it is literally the last seed in this particular genetic collection, or you are a castaway in a small piece of land in the middle of Pacific alone, whatever. To save such seed one should be out into paper towel into dark warm place – right, like you do while germination. So if it goes darker and then finally sprout – plant such seed closer to surface, as soon as it does not have enough nutrients in its stock to make the full way.
10 Top Reasons Why Seeds Do Not Germinate
Too big, too small?
Size does matter, after all
Zu groß, zu klein?
Er könnte etwas größer sein
1. Too Cold. Cold temperatures can kill seedlings by preventing germination or otherwise result a slow, uneven germination and provoke attacks by soil diseases.
2. Too Hot. Higher temperatures result a dry soil and injury to seeds or seedlings.
3. Too Wet. Excess water prevents oxygen, and also cause soil fungi related diseases.
4. Too Dry. Water is just vital and essential for germination. So maintain the soil moisture and/or the humidity when germinating before putting into soil, by putting plastic wrap or glass covers.
5. Too Deep. If planting cannabis seeds too deep then the sibling shall need more energy to go through while the amount of it is still determined by the capacity of the seed itself, as soon as it is filled with nutrients to supply this emerging stage. Limited “food storage” for a sibling may result a weaker plant in general. Recommended planting depth: ½ in.!
6. Too Shallow. If you plant cannabis seeds too shallow they can dry out too quickly.
7. Too Firm. If your mix of soil is too firm – that may affect the oxygen from getting to seeds and later – the roots, and also affect drainage.
8. Too Loose. Soil that is too loose will result in too much air surrounding seeds, making it harder to absorb moisture and your siblings will most likely dry out.
9. Soil Fungus. Keep it all clean – from your germination container, properly cleaned before you ever start, and then the pot well washed, and all the surrounding. And still any overwatering, lack of ventilation or drainage, may cause appearing of fungus attacking the seeds. Prevention is the best (if not the only) tool against these ones.
10. Non-viable Seeds. By any reason unviable: whether if the seeds have been stored improperly or been damaged, or simply immature seeds (see above) or just lack of luck this time without any visible reason.
Roots are the beginning of the plant. They supply everything to the buds through the whole plant system. You need a strong and healthy root system to be able to pass enough nutrients all way up to support the plant at its maximum growth rate.
As soon as the whole root structure is not much visible it is important to take proper preventative measures to avoid even any possibility that roots ever develop problems.
Tight-packed Roots Curling Around the Edge of the Pot
That one is a very common scenario especially in the conditions of limited grow space – like a pot, for example, or any other container. The very beginner grower mistake at the same time, and quite predictable too. Also keep in mind that the roots take less advantage of the container’s horizontal space. Just give them more space.
Root Stunting – when roots become chunky and in the laterals especially, and the whole system may discolor to brown or grey. Root stunting is often a result of calcium deficiency, acidity, aluminum toxicity, and boron deficiency or copper toxicity.
Loose and Weak Roots
Generally speaking roots grow well in a space with a carefully maintained pH and lots of oxygen. And weak thin roots can be an early message that you need more oxygenation. Poor drainage or tight soils can be reasons – check them first.
Sounds disgusting to me. Okay, this is lack of oxygen making the condition in which roots start rotting. I would not try saving a rotten plant, yet it can be saved in some occasions, and let us consider this is the worst root problem to avoid.
Stems transport all nutrients from the soil through the roots into the leaves and buds. Nice strong thick stems demonstrate the health of the whole system and result good frosty harvest in the end.
This is also related tot he next issue with weak and long – and both are about strength in the stems and branches, but just different reason. Except lacking the light the reason may be in lack of wind, and the plant cannot simply train the strength. Give more wind and your cannabis girl shall become more sporty and well fitness’ed then )
Thin and Tall and Looking Weak
The most common for this is lack of light. When getting insufficient amount of light the plants start stretch into direction of poor light source. In the early emerging stage of the plant just dig it down deeper when transplanting. Adding an extra fan to increase the airflow is also a solution – it may strengthen the stems because they’ll resist stronger wind. And in any case – add more light if such possible.
This is not the end of the world yet don’t panic. Tape the broken stem together with the undamaged stem or stronger branch with a string. Using some additional supporting pole is also a good idea. Give it a lot of time to recover before giving load back onto the damaged part.
If it was a cat or a dog who damaged the cannabis plant, then think twice then, as soon as cats and dogs are also the carriers for germs of all sorts ann varieties, that can bring even more harm to your cannabis plant.
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Taking a walk to work or using the subway can be inconvenient primarily due to the pungent smell; the weed in your pocket is producing. Many are the times we wish to be discreet during transportation, but the scent leads to the identification of cannabis. Well, you may think that this is the only need for an aromatic fragrance in a strain.
However, it is not; the right fragrance helps you select a strain of your preference. It ensures that you get the right amount of THC or CBD in your chosen strain. It maximizes the effects of each Indica or Sativa strains to deliver the desired outcomes.
What are terpenes?
These are organic compounds that are present in several plants that give any plant, including cannabis its fragrance or odour. Studies indicate that there are over 20,000 different types of terpenes. Amongst these, over 100 of the terpenes are present in the cannabis plants or flowers. Your only questions when purchasing weed are either concerning the strain, its effects, or the amount of CBD or THC in it. However, by identifying the smell, you get to know the terpenes present in cannabis and make your choice wisely.
What is the entourage effect?
Ever thought of how effective a strain is after you take it? It might be as a result of the entourage effect. Studies define it as a synergistic relationship that helps in improving the impact of cannabis in your body. When cannabinoids and terpenes interact, an entourage effect is what determines how an individual feels. The outcome may work in terms of enhancing the effects of cannabinoids or regulating them to improve your overall experience.
Different types of terpenes
Some strains aim at lifting your mood and providing you with a creative front, and an inspiration to complete your work. These strains are mostly Sativa dominant, and some contain limonene. Terpene is a stimulant that has some extreme effects on your behaviour (psychoactive effects).
Strains containing limonene often have a citrus fragrance coupled with herbs. Some herbs such as rosemary, peppermint, and lemons contain limonene, thus why the cannabis usually has a herbal like smell. To get the right high, you might consider smoking the weed using a Glass Percolator Bong (this one is from grasscity), and the effects will be out of this world.
The limonene terpene is essential in reducing a person’s anxiety levels, relieving depression, and alleviating stress. Also, it has critical anti-bacterial effects that enhance digestion, reduces inflammation, and promote absorption of food in the digestive tract:
Related – Limonene Benefits
Related – All about bongs (this website)
If your stash has a pine tree scent or fir trees or orange-like, its composition has a lot of pinenes. This terpene also occurs in many Sativa dominant strains. It provides an energy boost and improves your memory, enhancing your mental awareness. It counteracts the effects of THC in the body and is essential in fighting inflammation.
This terpene occurs mostly in Indica strains, check this representative of the family if you like: Nuken Strain. If looking for that relaxing feel, relieving the stress and resting all afternoon, then this is the terpene you should look for in a strain. Not only is a sedative, but it also will ensure that you are on couch lock once you take the weed.
Myrcene has an earthy smell that characterizes most of the cannabis plant types found in the world today. However, it might also have some other smells like fruity and sweet. For instance, the scent of grapes, and sometimes, it may have a gassy like fragrance like that of nutmeg.
It has several benefits, including the ability to fight cancer cells, provide relief to individuals with pain and inflammation. It is an essential anti-biotic and antimutagenic, which indicates its ability to fight tumors.
The terpene identity is its spicy aroma similar to that of black pepper. The terpene has a unique effect on the body’s endocannabinoid system, which makes it essential in providing medical relief. Not only does it enhance an individual’s immune system, but it also helps in reducing the damage that may occur as a result of injuries or diseases.
Studies indicate that this strain can reduce pain and prevent seizures in patients as well as reducing the plaque buildups that often occur in an individual’s arteries. It enhances body cell communication, prevents diseases from attacking your body, and above all, it has essential properties that protect against tumors.
This terpene is an essential anti-inflammatory compound found in many cannabis strains. It suppresses appetite aiding in your weight loss adventure. Besides, it is necessary for providing relief from pain such as fighting cancer cells.
Its identification comes from its musky or earthy fragrance and sometimes may include being spicy. In combination with other terpenes such as beta-caryophyllene, their properties improve in functionality. Studies indicate that the effectiveness of these terpenes in conjunction may hugely benefit cancer patients.
It is characterized by its floral scent with a hint of spiciness. It has soothing effects that ensure better relaxation, especially after a hard day. Also, linalool is a perfect solution for individuals who have insomnia due to its sedative features
It relieves stress and provides solace for individuals battling anxiety. Its calming effect not only relaxes the mind, but it also helps in muscle relaxation, reducing depression, and tension. With its capabilities, you should look out for it when purchasing your weed supply.
Studies indicate that this terpene is a potent analgesic, with essential pain-relieving properties such as anti-inflammatory. Others suggest that it is anticonvulsant and can effectively aid in reducing seizures.
Related – Linalool (apothecarium.com)
Understanding terpenes is fundamental in the identification of different cannabis strains to purchase or use. Knowing your needs and the importance of each terpene in the weed helps in making that final decision. With some terpenes enhancing the high effect, some bring it low while others have different medical benefits. As you desire, select the best terpene following your preference in smell (terpene content).