It is a pleasurable hobby first of all, not a drug plantation for God’s sake. And it is a wonderful journey full of admiration to learn how to grow from the very beginning up to very end, and to give all your attention to an every single plant growing from a seed, pretty same how it is in the natural conditions, right?
Creation of a new life is fun, and learning all mistakes and successes and discoveries — is another nice benefit that you may gain from a seed, either from a cannabis seed or from your own when it comes to another form of life, you don’t want to clone yourself, you prefer to make it “from a seed”, right? (hahahahahaha). Growing from a clone is a kind of skipping the first stage, while growing from seeds is authentic, more “manual” if you wish.
I think, if you know the full way already perfectly, you will certainly deal perfectly with the cannabis clones too. I think: before breaking the rules, one needs to learn how to follow them.
Read more: A Simple Guide On Marijuana Growing
A totally personal choice to cook the food from raw ingredients from a farmer market, smell every unit, choose only the best then pass to preparation and so on; alternatively there is always an option to apply for a half ready and nicely packed and frozen food from a supermarket. I do prefer the full way from-seed-to-weed. It gives more fun in a process and tasty in the end: all mistakes are your mistakes, you can fix next time, and you know or you can guess what are they. For clones you obviously meet only the result of other men’s mistakes.
Why Do We Clone Marijuana Plants?
We clone them from female plants to be sure that the new plant (new clone) shall be a female plant too. Significantly smaller chance for this when growing from seeds. But it may be the main reason in copying a hundred of other traits of the plant you clone: taste, resistance to pests or to the weather if growing marijuana outdoors, flavours, number of trichomes (Of course!) and the consequent amount of THC, along with many many other properties that MUST be exactly the same when cloning (and this is the very idea of clones), while no plant ever can be exatly the same when growing cannabis from seeds.
Playing with genesis (or creation of life) in a form of planting clones or other means of genetic engineering, one must keep in mind and (better if) completely realize that:
We know shit about biology,
this was once mentioned by Craig Venter, a leader in the Human Genome Project. Along with copying the “expected traits” like a 30% of THC, we also copy the full bouquet of unknown traits. Unknown to us, but some of them may be not known to science at all, by far.
Marie Curie, the physicist (1867-1934) who discovered the existence of X-rays, famous for sacrificing her health to the Science when her exposure to radiation while her researches lead to death. So it was not in a form of sacrifice, but in a form of lack of knowledge, as it was she who unveiled the X-rays to humanity and much much later we’ve got to know how x-rays affect a human body.
Think about 😉
After all there is a reason why natural cannabis having the wild but nice genetic does not contain 30+ percent of THC. Technically speaking you raise a cripple with a help of modern technology of cultivation, fertilisation, light systems and other fancy climate controllers.
Cannabis plant is a living creature:
? Do you want your puppy or kitty to be a cripple?
? Do you want it to be a unique character or a clone?
The inventor of teleportation ((yes, it is invented)) said he will never step into a teleportation cabin…
Growing From Seeds
More authentic, they say… more unique character, they say… but what are the real-life benefits which seed growing may give to a newbie grower at once?
1. Seeds are available in the market. You can easily obtain a selection of predictable strain via Internet with a secure delivery to your home ((check the related laws of your country before doing so)). I don’t think that the clones can be in your home as easy as seeds may do, only few days, as long the postal delivery takes.
2. Seeds can be stored up to 3 years and still be viable.
3. You cannot escape from seeds. Sooner or later you will need to learn that the cloning from one mother is limited, and cloning from clones may work only 2-3 generations, and it is less than 1 year. Then you will need your own “designs” as soon as your agricultural knowledge will grow, and then you will look for better efficiency, and then you will inevitably come to seeds. Why not begin at the beginning? From seeds.
4. Cannabis plants raised from seeds are in general stronger. More resistant to environment and more naturally can survive, while their lab-created “sisters” are weaker and delicate, more light sensitive, and in general require more attention as soon as any condition of your garden suddenly alters. Simply compare a country-side guy to a megapolis nerd: which one do you personally prefer to smoke?
5. Plants from seeds can contain the dank amount of THC. It’s not a privilege for clones.
These are autofem seeds below:
Read more about autofem seeds in: Autoflowering Feminized Seeds — Autofems Explained
And click the image (above) to shop for the best premium quality seeds right away.
Many cannabis growers are in love with what they grow. It’s natural to be proud of one’s achievements, especially when their development is dependant on so many factors: light, air, environment, watering, etc. etc. But rather than focusing purely on the size of the cannabis plant and the number of flowers it produces, it pays (literally) to dedicate time to help the plant produce the most rosin, and therefore the most potent trichomes, which it can.
Trichomes are small sugar granule-like crystals made from the rosin the plants excrete to thrive in its environment. Some of the oils repel pests, while others attract pollinating insects. Like various glands in a human body, the glands of a plant (trichomes) contain all chemistry the plant produces, and this includes all terpenes and flavonoids and, of course, cannabinoids. The following growing weed at home tutorial is focused on what you, the home cannabis grower, can do to stimulate rosin production which, in turn, is what forms those sparkly trichomes. When you master the art of cultivating proper trichomes the results will be evident in the lab-testing stage where you will notice higher concentrations of CBD, THC, terpenes, and other desireable cannabinoids.
Males And Females Of Cannabis Plant
There are male and females of the marijuana plant, and it’s only females being producing flowering buds that can later be smoked or turned into an extract. If you start with feminized seeds, all of the seeds you germinate have the potential to produce potent flowers but none feminized seeds will have to be sorted out in the flowering phase: Both males and females will sprout buds, but they will appear different on either plant—females with their long, whitish hairs, and males with hanging “balls.” Remove the boys immediately before they pollinate the females or you won’t get as big a harvest.
And another thing to remember and not to forget:
The Hermaphrodite Alert
Because of sudden changes in the environment of the plant the female plants can become shocked into becoming hermaphroditic if you don’t keep the growing conditions consistent and that’s a big waste of time and energy.
Encouraging trichomes in the flowering phase
Switch the light to 12-hours on and 12-hours off to signal to the plants that it is the “end of summer” and that harvest time is around the corner. Now is the time for them to switch from their vegetative phase to the flowering phase.
Even something as simple as keeping each cannabis “cola” bathed in good air flow, right to the end of the flowering stage, will help to increase bud size and rosin production. The end stage is the most challenging when it comes to stimulating rosin production and trichome growth. The plants are crowded in their space, vying for light and air and nutrients, but it’s not the time for you to quit and be satisfied with the trichomes that already exist. This is the final stretch, after all! Cannabis is a plant that relies on wind to pollinate, but it also knows when it’s futile to waste energy on buds that won’t be passing on their genetics. The cannabis plant will, therefore, save its energy so that it can put it toward buds that are exposed to a breeze. This is the optimal time to separate plants a little more, give them plenty of space, and kick that airflow into gear without making the room into a wind tunnel. Remember, the more energy a plant expels in the adult growth stage, the more rosin-filled the yields will be.
Trichomes are small hears (coming from Greek “trichomes” are translated as “hairs”). They are on the epidermis (“skin”) of a plant. Technically they are glands, and plants use them for many chemical purposes: whether it is attacking a prey for a carnivorous plant or a psychedelic message to humanity or maybe only a medical help.
Like various glands in a human body the glands of a plant (trichomes) contain all chemistry the plant produce, and this includes all terpenes and flavonoids and of course THC. A combination of these mentioned contents indeed determines the quality and the properties of marijuana and quality of a cannabis plant. This makes trichomes of cannabis plants to be so important. Same importance as the weight of dry buds.
No trichomes? Don’t freak out
Allow your marijuana plants to have 2-3 months of time to flower to their fullest. Even if they have beautiful big buds, you won’t see full trichome expression on the leaves and buds until the end of the flowering phase. Check with your seed provider for an idea of how long you should wait; each genetic strain is different. You can also tell when the flowering phase is over and the harvest is ripe by observing the white hairs on the flowers turn a red or orange-tinted brown. The buds should be frosted with trichomes and will likely emit a powerful odor.
Preserving trichomes while harvest & trimming
Cut the whole plant just above the soil but avoid touching the sticky buds lest you lose precious trichomes doing so. Use small, sharp scissors to clip the leaves, often called “trim,” away from the buds and toss those leaves away. They are not suitable for smoking, but some people will juice them (resulting in a non-psychoactive, but nutritionally delicious drink). Then, clip the smaller, frosted, leaves that are closer to the bud and use a pollinator to agitate the trichomes off of them; ideal for pressing into hash or extracting with oil or butter for edibles. What’s left is the perfect little bud, just like you see at a dispensary but it’s still too moist to smoke.
Curing cannabis with trichomes in mind
Curing is a slow, tedious process but it will leave you with buds that burst apart between your fingers and burn beautifully. Do not use forced heat to cure your cannabis; leaving the buds in the oven or drying them with a hairdryer will rob it of oils and terpenes, completely ruining the taste and overall effect of the bud.
Simply leave the buds alone in a dark, dry room for about seven days. Move the buds to a glass jar in the same room, returning daily to take the lid off for about 20 minutes each day to release any humidity. When the stems snap quickly but still have some moisture inside, it means the curing process is nearly done. A hygrometer will help monitor RH levels, or Boveda packs will control the RH to the degree you desire. Store cannabis in a UV safe container for another 2–4 months to allow the chemical processes in the weed to slow down completely and for the THC and other cannabinoids to finish developing.
Growing a plant from a single seed is every time the magic and the magnificent moment. Seeds are the basis of the genetic storage, or genetic bank whatever you call it. And every seed is a unique piece of Universe, like every of us – an individual carrying individual properties. And every seed shall grow individually and shall be giving individual reactions on what kind of next agricultural knowledge you are going to apply to it.
Here lies the problem with the seeds – you actually never know what is best for your ongoing plant: PH-level? Type of fertilisers? You actually never know the plant and maybe too short of time to understand each of them that deeply.
Imagine twenty pets or one hundred pets and every is a unique character, sometimes a naughty type of character, sometimes too weak, sometimes too strong. How to handle? How to keep things more-o-less predictable?
Genetics Is A Simple Solution
How to solve this “problem”, and it is a problem. The answer is Genetics and the Cloning like those perfect warriors in the Star Wars series. All are perfect and no one unique. This is what happens when you grow your medical cannabis plant not from every unique seed but cloning a baby-plant from mother-plant every time, again and again. Same perfect level of Marijuana you shall get.
Marijuana Genetic Library is Essential
For a professional cannabis grower (and every of us is a professional as soon as medical agriculture and pot farming becomes your best hobby, consumes your time and gives you tons of discoveries) it is essential to have a genetic library, or genetic bank, whatever name you like for it. This shall solve the other essential problems like which temperature fits the best, what kind of light and soil and fertilisers shall affect the best number of trichomes – now having cloning you have plenty of time to discover the best recipes to grow that mentioned “perfect warrior”.
How To Clone Marijuana Plant
This is what agricultural professionals do through, maybe, thousand years already with all kind of plants of different purposes: Select the “donor plant”, sometimes they call it “mother plant”, and cut a healthy-looking branch from it. Basically, the one you’ve liked. Simple as that!
Here we go the Hints:
1) Use a very clean instrument. It is also a surgery for the cannabis plant, you damage it, it is distressed, and then it reacts to the damage. No need to explain why the instrument must be clean, or even extremely clean for the surgery.
2) Pretty same reason (because it is a surgery for the cannabis plant) for having this already clean cutting tool that you use, scissors or a blade, sharpest possible to provide less damage.
3) The direction of a cut must go at an angle, not 90 degrees, but a diagonal angle, roughly 45 degrees. Make the cut close to the main stem.
4) Choose the branch with few nodes. Say 3 to 5 nodes. However this is also a creative work, by means — perform your own experiments. Just remember keeping notes of what you do 😉 After all you need a “genetic library” to succeed with your genetic experiments over cannabis, but be patient and attentive, it’s not one or two attempts, and it’s not one or two cuts:
5) Make the full operation while the vegetative stage of the mother plant (pre-flowering). It may also work while flowering, but then it is a greater distress for the clone plant. After the cut the new clone will apply for vegetative stage, but if it was flowering a-minute-ago then the whole situation form a greater distress for the plant.
6) The following rooting may take one-two weeks. Put the clone plant to a moisture environment with the lower end of it in water, until the roots start appearing, then send it into a pot. One-two inches of a new root is already fine, but then:
Make your own experiments
Every plant is a unique piece of Universe, while the clones are not! Try different ways for the clones from same mother or different mothers, make notes of what you do, and you’ll finally discover the best algorithm of your own for your own “perfect warrior”.
7) To improve the rooting some growers cut half of leaves of the clone, so that having smaller leaves it’ll give more efforts to the roots and the last may become stronger.
8) Notes are essential, right because it is a sort of a scientific hobby. Mark the pots with clones, put the labels, note all steps of what you are doing to them, where you cut from, when you cut, how long were the roots, etc. etc. This all shall allow you to come back to what was happening, what was good and what was not.
It is a creative process — don’t be shy with your own experiments.
Good luck, Growers!