THC: Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol

What is THC in a simple explain. It is an abbreviation from: Delta Nine Tetra Hydro Cannabinol, often referred more shortly as Tetra-hydro-cannabinol, which is already better known as THC. Technically it is a chemical compound, and the main psycho-active component of marijuana, namely the very thing making you high. THC is delivered through trichomes — the holy grail for all home growers (and industrial too).

Below is the formula how the THC compound appears for a chemistry brainiac…

 Here —  the world famous formula of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, well recognised thanks to millions of t-shirts and touristic merchandise:

Psychoactive compound THC and its chemical formula in a doodle style infographics

How It Works

Everybody knows? You close your eyes, relax and imagine a green valley of goodness and a sunshine and a girl. If it goes easy then your mind is open and therefore it works, but the case if not much green or not a valley […] Anyway, this state of mind and body is frequently highlighted in all kinds of motion pictures, in attempt to translate someone’s feelings into graphics and sound, practically this is the definition of art, innit.

Like this one, for example:

South Park. Kenny's cheesing dream girl, the cartoon Steampunk Femme Fatal
Kenny’s Femme Fatale, Psychedelic Cheesing Dream
South Park series by SouthParkStudios.com

Wait,

We’d better wrap it up in a form of:

Frequently Asked Questions about THC:

#1 — Where it belongs

THC, the most valuable out of more than 100+ cannabinols in a regular plant of cannabis, is stored in (or delivered through) trichomes of a cannabis plant. The quantity and the condition of trichomes define the amount of THC in buds, and also by color of trichomes you understand when it’s time to harvest the ready bud. How erect them practically big: find in tutorials, and this is a strong reason why those trichomes are so “photogenic” all over internet. They are the fabric of THC.

Northern Lights Trichomes

These crystal monstrosities are thrichomes (on the picture), magnified, and they still can be seen with a bare eye on a bud of a good quality: trichomes makes bud look frosty. Thrichomes are glands of the plant, they are full of rosin (or resin) and full of thc, thca to be precise, anyway that one eventually making you high.

#2 — The chemistry when you make a puff

On temperature 220-235℉ (105-112℃) carbon dioxide gets rleased from the THC-acid, called decarboxylation, transforming it into THC, and then on more heat on temperature 350℉ (176℃) the THC evapourates: gets from solid condition into gas. This is how THC is delivered into body when you smoke weed.

On molecular low level the molecular of THC has a very proper structure (in that molecular low level) so that THC-particles may perfectly fit to and may interact with specific cannabinoid receptors in human brain, and these receptors are specially designed by nature to accept cannabinoids. These cannabinoid receptors form into groups to be a sort of sites, and these binding sites altogether are an endocannabinoid system (wiki), working 24×7 to exchange cannabinoids. It’s not exactly that human brain or body by itself produce ‘controllable substances’ and have a delivery system and this makes you high free of charge – not that but the idea is something like that. Let me just think that the full system of our body is compatible with THC by luck.

Then THC when achieves one’s brain cells it connects to the receptors of the endocannabinoid system and ignites the chemical processes and some of them finally change your behaviour along with way of thinking. The receptors concentrated in the parts of the brain responsible for movement, memory, and frontal cortex – the thing we think with. Obviously these three of your ‘properties’ are being altered when you bake. And it is individual if you loose part of memory or obtain new memorising capabilities for awhile: only remember that THC is not only component of a weed. Tons of them and they are all affect something on some chemical level. Stay reasonable and listen to your body carefully and no rush.

#3 — What is anandamide

Reading some random FAQ’es you often think is it a frequently asked question for real?

“Listen, iam shy to ask dont you know what is anandamide”

– come on it cannot be a very frequent question.

ANANDAMIDE:

The current study says this is how it works:

image source and a nice article about the subject

By some means, happiness and spirituality is the original purpose of this whole body system and those cells we only enable it working when getting stoned.

image source and an article about brain

#4 — How much of THC in a weed

Think 20-25% of thc is a very good quality for a very good recreational weed somewhere in Amsterdam or in the middle of Colorado. 8-12% of thc is still very good, for a wild weed or some street dunk, pressed into bricks like they do it in Paraguay. In some countries governments practice to deliver official weed into pharmacies with the really low decreased amount of thc, it may go as low as 1-2% like they do in Uruguay (and it is still the recreation is the purpose, hohoho). In hemp, or medical weed the thc in US may not be higher than 0.3% by law.

#5 — How THC has been discovered:

Professor Raphael Mechoulam
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raphael_Mechoulam

The name of the hero is Professor Raphael Mechoulam, an Israeli scientist, born in Sofia (Bulgaria). He has done to THC science pretty everything: discovered, isolated, fully synthesized, as well as identified the anandamide.

How To Dry Marijuana Buds Guide

You know how to grow and you’re sure you are good at it. Then you grow a nice clone-plant of nice sativa family full of positive genetics from the proper mother, containing proper number of trichomes and you know for 100% that you cut it right in time.

Well done! What’s next?

Full Lot of Perfectly Dry Marijuana Buds

Marijuana Drying Techniques

It’s obvious that a true professional grower develops the relation with the every single cannabis plant. And it’s quite well-expected that the most active part of this development happens on the growing stage. Say, when the plant is alive, and it is kind-of very logical, but here we have another pot of puzzles to solve: the very professional cannabis growers all know that in the moment of cutting yet another extremely important period only starts — drying and then storing the cannabis product to have the best glorious pot out of it.

Why Drying / Curing is so important?

There is chemistry behind all this cannabis treatment always. Yes-yes, again that chemistry and as soon as we are dealing with the living thing, the carbon form of life, we never get rid totally of cannabis chemistry. It is the very same process why fruits get ripe after being harvested. The chemistry continues working.

There shall be NO! Light!

Cannabis is the complex organic matter. All organic thingies lose properties under exposure to the sunshine or another good light. Like, chlorophyll is giving green colour to the buds, and your buds will be ugly if you not hide them in the dark. And it’ll certainly loose the high components too, I think, not completely, yet we do not want it to happen, as we are to keep all! Easy to understand the conception, when you think about usual paper getting yellow and less elastic when exposed to the sun for long, or a paint on your walls or on your cloth: the sunlight is merciless, it gives everything and it takes everything, keep it in mind.

Mind THC (and CBD) when you dry cannabis plant

There is no pure THC inside the plant, read more about it: THC: Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol There is THCA which changes into THC when the temperature hits and then vaporizes. By curing you increase the effects and the amount of THC that shall work on you, means: better cure give more potent buds and less loss of the desired components.

While curing is technically the other process, it’s still very close by the idea. And the official difference that you cure it enclosed, that the plant (already dried as the curing goes after drying) gives away less of its moisture, rather than when is being dried. Under some conditions we can skip curing or combine it as one process (until you do it for yourself, not commercially, and can try this quality vs the other, experimenting).

Can it be too much of drying cannabis plant?

Anything can be too much. Many think weed and cash cannot, but they can, and the drying marijuana either. Many professional growers mention, that the best cured buds happen after a month or about of very proper curing. Never tried by myself tho, as my buds are burnt into smoke much earlier, all of them. However, one obvious problem of a ‘too dry’ is that trichomes start braking easily and you loose the potency. I think in time THC should start disappearing either, so you need to pick it up at its prime. Matter of XP (experience), no less, and I never heard about a stoner able to wait to long, which makes this issue theoretical, yet others are real.

External threats and issues for drying cannabis

Mold id the Enemy. Hopefully there is no mold around in your place, but you need to keep an eye, checking it carefully. It may also hit live growing cannabis plants too. See the head picture? It’s a mold on it! Bugs and pests are to avoid, and the other house animals, cats, dogs, also small children, elder brother maybe, and of course – a mom sometimes may ruin the harvest even worse than the others mentioned here, hahahaha ) ) )

Drying cannabis in One piece

There is a certain misbelief that drying a plant in one piece may allow more THC come up from the stem to leaves and buds. A total untrue. Among other reasons there is a simple fact that the water moves up in stems and branches, due to water surface tension, which is stronger than the gravity when it comes to micro pipes (and this is how water elevated from the ground to the very top of the cannabis plant.

And a complete total untrue for those couple of plants of indoor cannabis that you grow at home in personal-consumption volumes. Significantly longer drying is the only thing that may happen and you definitely do not want it. If you still feel explorer then try it and make your own conclusions.

Marijuana THC Drying Labeled Full Plants

Best Drying Conditions, Temperatures, Humidity for Weed

From 18 to 24 degrees Celsius (65 to 75 Fahrenheit). Humidity 45-50 percent. Darkness is essential for marijuana buds through all drying process. If all is done correctly then in 6-10 days the plant starts being dry. Check how far it is dry by tactile check and apply for the ultimate phase — curing.