The year 2018 was historic for cannabis not only in the United States but internationally. Most nations, including Mexico, Lithuania, Thailand, the UK, and Canada, took significant steps to legalize recreational or medical marijuana. By the end of 2018, Israel also authorized the export of medical marijuana together with Australia, Uruguay, and Holland. Despite this significant move, there are still many limitations in the international distribution of marijuana.
The Single Convention of Narcotic Drugs still classifies marijuana as a controlled substance with no medical value. However, individual nations are free to determine on their own whether cannabis classifies as a narcotic drug. Some countries such as Canada and Dutch have established organizations that trade in marijuana and export it to Chile, Brazil, New Zealand, Australia, Italy, Germany, and Croatia. On the contrary, nations such as the United States still prohibit the importation of marijuana. Most countries legalize the use of medical marijuana. With the legalization of cannabis on the rise, you may be considering starting a business or just have CBD vape questions bothering you. In this guide, we look at the international rules that govern the use and distribution of marijuana.
Rules Governing the International Distribution of Marijuana
- Age Limits
You must be at least 19 years of age to possess, buy, or consume cannabis in most nations. In some nations such as Quebec and Alberta, the minimum age is 18 years while some countries raise it to a minimum of 21 years. On the same note, it is also a crime to share with minors. Everyone in your group must be of legal age. Putting age limits helps to prevent abuse of marijuana by teenagers and school-going children. Therefore, when purchasing marijuana, you must prove your age by showing an identification card or passport. The international rules require that all nations follow this procedure at all times.
- Where to Purchase
Besides age, international rules also require that nationals limit the use of marijuana. Nations achieve this by restricting the outlets and ensuring that only a few credible sources engage in this business. To be able to sell the drug, governments require you to register officially and engage in the legal business. For example, in a province such as Ontario, retail shops are yet to open. In Canada, there is a list of private, government, and online outlets for marijuana. Anyone of legal age can purchase from online stores. It is imperative to regulate commercially legalized marijuana. The findings of a study by several researchers in 2015 about the dispensary density of marijuana recommend the creation of policies that consider limiting the number of outlets.
- Prohibition of Drug Trafficking
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) prohibits the trafficking of marijuana. UNODC reports all data on drug trafficking to curb the activity. Drug trafficking has become a global market that engages in the cultivation and distribution of drugs that are subject to prohibition laws. Although international laws allow the use of marijuana, mostly medical marijuana under controlled conditions, it does not condone the trafficking of marijuana. It is imperative to note that drug trafficking is contingent upon the number of drugs that you have in possession. Each drug varies with amount. For example, a law of a particular state can define trafficking of weed as possessing more than 25 pounds of marijuana.
- Regulation of the Medical Market
The medical market has been a priority for international law enforcers because most governments have been slow to make sure that only patients have access to medical cannabis. As such, there has been an increase in illegal trade on extracts and oil. Since the internal law legalized medical marijuana, there have been many side traders, most of them operate on Facebook and other social media. These illegal traders offer cannabis products to interested customers. Although most customers using these routes are looking for products with medical benefits, online products lack standardization. Such crude sellers cannot assure purity or potency. It is for this reason that governments require online sellers to register and receive certification as distributors of medical marijuana.
- Non-Citizens Not Eligible To Legally Purchase Cannabis
According to the law, only permanent residents and citizens of legal age can access cannabis. Most states prohibit tourists from purchasing marijuana. Therefore, if you want to enjoy the drug today, ensure that you have papers to prove that you are a permanent resident or a citizen of legal age. For example, in Uruguay, there has been a debate about whether it will be beneficial to attract marijuana tourism. However, most people believe that it will pose a potential threat to the country’s global reputation. Regulation of who should purchase marijuana helps to control the drug because it is not technically legal in all aspects.
- You Should Not Grow Recreational Cannabis at Home
Most users of medical and recreational cannabis wonder whether they can do home cultivation of weed where they live. The laws on growing weed for personal use vary, and some nations allow home growers while others do not. However, there are conditions to home growing. For example, in Alaska, adults over the age of 21 years can grow no more than six plants. In marijuana, only a marijuana patient qualifies to grow twelve plants, and only if they live far away from a certified distribution outlet. In California, if you are above 21 years, you can cultivate up to six plants.
- Commercial Purchase
There is a limit to the amount of weed that individuals can purchase in most nations. In Uruguay, you can purchase only 40grams or less per month. This limit is set to control abuse since cannabis is an addictive drug.
Cannabis is a very addictive drug, and it is for this reason that the international body has set various rules to control its production, distribution, and use. Allowing limited amounts to adults and majorly for medical purposes are some of the rules set up by the international body for all nations, where marijuana is legal, to follow. However, not all marijuana products in the market are of high quality. So, always consider buying high supplies marijuana seeds and other products from trusted stores.