Easy tricks on Cannabis Soil you apply for better yields

This is already a small scientific job for a true hobbyist, if you feel passionate enough to maximize yields greatly by using worms, sand, clay or some your very own unique mix of nutrients. Quite an exciting quest – to design your own recipe for the best performing cannabis soil.

The Easy Guide for cannabis soil

This basic guide explains where to start from and what are the options. The first step however is to choose your basic soil, that you’ll find comfortable and most exciting to work with. Explore what is in the market, maybe you wish some specific parameters of NPK of some specific basic soil to start your experiments from. All professionally mixed soils may have different origins or the purpose, and the most of the commercially distributed cannabis soils from the grow shops contain common components such as Vermiculite, Sand and of course Humus.

1. Sand Soil use for cannabis growing

The issue with the sand soil is that it allows water to go through too quickly, it may result more frequent watering if you do not wish your plants to suffer and produce less or less potent weed in the end, and also wastes a whole lot of minerals instead of giving them to plants. However, designing your own soil, you can add sand or silt for improving the drainage properties.

2. Clay Soil use for cannabis growing

Clay is basically made of fine-grained rock material with a little of quartz (SiO2), fully loaded with aluminium and magnesium oxides (Al2O3 and MgO respectively). Clay is plastic when well moisted and hard when dry, it hosts the roots of your plants quite badly due to lack of ventilation. However you can add clay as 5-10% of the soil mass to manipulate ventilation property, when designing your own most efficient soil mix.

3. Humus Soil use for cannabis growing

Humus is the mix of organic matters like dead plants, for example, rotten fully to the end and already became a soil, so this is a “usual soil” what everybody means saying “soil”. Any regular grow shop (even if not any special cannabis grow shop but the normal flower grow shop) can offer you this very basic soil. And for cannabis this is the main material too like for any other plant.

Sometimes humus may be called compost, but to be precise the compost is the mix of humus and manure, which is the great thing too – you can guess: Cows are poor digesters, they intake about 15% and the rest 85% of yummi stuff goes into manure full of nutrients by that reason – and this is what every cannabis plant wants the most. Also manure is good for worm casting [ read below – touch this link to skip to worm casting below on this page ].

4. Nitrogen and other NPK members in Cannabis soil

Nitrogen is produced from soil matter by bacterias “converting” organic forms of nitrogen into mineral forms of nitrogen, and the latter can be consumed by plants. Cannabis plants love nitrogen and especially on the vegetative stage it helps them to grow better with bigger leaves and stronger stems. The overdose of nitrogen fertilisers may result burns on leaves and weaker plant in general (see below for details).

Lack of Nitrogen in Cannabis soil

Nitrogen deficiency is the most common weed grower’s problem with nutrients.

Older leaves become yellow or partly yellow;
The oldest of them may even get completely dry being yellow in colour too;
The veins (the vascular tissue) may get more of the red colour; Check the back side of the leaves too, sometimes they start from there on the early stage of the problem;
Younger leaves can also contain yellow areas;

These all the above indicate that the nitrogen is low and you need to add it. Nitrogen fertilisers is the easy thing widely available everywhere. This is the basic compound of the very basic N-P-K model, vital for all plants. Sea bird guano or animal blood may serve as the fast and the potent source of nitrogen for your plant.

Intoxication of Nitrogen for Cannabis plants

Big and a lot of leaves but they all appear weak and react any stress badly;
Such plants are abnormally often attacked by pests and deceases, and quite badly in the result comparing to the normal healthy plant;
Underdeveloped weak roots;
Week and too plastic stems and branches;
Small and loose flowers;
Leaves may become brown and even fall;

Any of the above symptom may mean a serious intoxication from Nitrogen, and obviously this is the sign to decrease the use of Nitrogen fertilisers for your cannabis. And of course it’s better to react the earlier possible. Always keep an eye if any of your plants starts showing Nitrogen intoxication – this is way too important. Keeping notes is also another brilliant idea to master your grower’s skills.

Lack of Phosphorus in cannabis soil – Symptoms

Slow grow or even sudden stop of any grow;
Dark leafs more blue than usual (well, they are still green but with certain blue component in the colour);
Low height of the plants in general;
Everything smaller and grim )))

However, the above symptoms may indicate that your soil require more Phosphorus now. But with the too high pH level, say higher than 7, the plant cannot intake Phosphorus efficient enough tho there’s plenty of Phosphorus in the soil. In this case – work with pH level instead of adding more Phosphorus.

Lack of Potassium in Cannabis soil

Potassium takes part in the photosynthesis process. And also participates in the synthesis of proteins and amino acids, which come from nitrogen in the form of ammonium, so the interaction between these two nutrients is vital to perform different metabolic processes of plants. Lack of Potassium is bad, and can be detected by the following visual checks:

Leaves loose colour yet quite healthy looking;
Increase in number of new branches but weak and thin ones;
Old leaves are yellow with the certain rusty colour on the edges;
Rust colour is on the younger leaves in a form of smaller stains, especially on the edges;
Too late and too short flowering stage (this is the sign for the next harvest already, mind keeping the notes of whatever you’re doing to the plants, that’s the certain way to improve your grower’s skills to the highest levels).

Potassium intoxication however is a rare problem. Potassium also provides to the soil the better ability to resist pests and undesirable bacterias. Also affects chlorophyl positively increasing its amount, and enables the cell division processes – having sufficient amount of Potassium the plant takes light better and exchange with the air more effectively. In other words, more healthy and strong plant in general you will get.

5. The Pot

The roots of a cannabis plant require space, and it is a very common mistake when roots go curving around in some too narrow pot. Give space to your cannabis, a lot of space. Recommended 8 to 15 litres pot for a plant. Give a first-class space to your plants to reach the best results from your soil experiments!

6. Nutrients (fertilizers) for Cannabis, N-P-K

As soon as N-P-K (Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium where “K” comes from its Latin name and used in chemistry for Potassium) are the main elements required for the plant to grow well and healthy, the nutrients delivered to the market fit this demand nicely. They normally appear liquid in the bottle, and marked something like 12–6-6, which means 12% of N-Nitrogen, 6% of P-Phosphorus, 6% of K-Potassium. The rest may be water with or without other nutrients of the “second class” if I may.

7. Use of Worms in Cannabis Soil

Use of Red Wiggler worms for cannabis Soil, Red Californian Earthworm
Red Wiggler worm (or Red Californian Earthworm)

The recommended worms are the Red Wigglers (on the upper picture), also known as Eisenia fetida or Red Californian Earthworm, and the other commercially distributed worm good for cannabis is the Night Crawlers (in the below picture). Both images are from wikipedia. Both these species of worms can be found anywhere, the Nightcrawlers are larger in size… I dun’no, try both to see the difference, or just choose one following your feeling, whichever of them seems more romantic to you, by the picture or for real in the grow shop, they are gonna be your pets for awhile, hahaha )))

Night Crawlers worms aka Lumbricus terrestris use for cannabis plant home growing
Night Crawler worms aka Lumbricus terrestris

Use cow manure for worms

If using worms for growing your cannabis, then mind the cow manure (if the situation allows – I mean mom or neighbours)))) Both worms and plants love cow manure, as soon as cows only digest 15% of what they eat and the rest 85% goes into manure, rich as hell with nutrients by that reason.

What worms do for the soil

Worms prove life and health to the soil and consequently to the plant. They are a natural fertiliser, making the environment of your plants rich in nutrients and minerals. Worms consume the organic matter and it goes through the digestion and what is left – called worm casting. Kind of a worm poo.

Their castings contain tons of bacteria, fungi, and other serious things.

Worm castings improve the germination and the full growing process;
More of your favourite fertilizer can be used with less fear to damage the plant;
Worm castings in cannabis soil efficiently hold water and nutrients;
Worms through their castings provide microorganisms and minerals to the soil, increasing disease resistance greatly;

They are good guys, these worms, you can see that.

The Best Ways to Store Your Bud

Trying to keep your weed funky fresh? It’s important to consider where you are storing your stash, especially when dealing with larger quantities. Weed is like wine, it can get better with age, and keeping it in the right conditions makes all the difference. There are a plethora of storage containers and accessories on the market, and a number of DIY tips that will help preserve the freshness and taste of your cannabis. Here are some of our favorites methods for stash storage.

Tips for Storing Your Bud

Ditch The Plastic

Plastic bags and containers are some of the worst ways to store your weed for a few reasons. Static from plastic can destroy the little hairs on the flowers, called trichomes, which can lead to cannabinoid degradation, meaning you’ll wind up with less potent flower.

Plastic bags and containers are neither air or light proof, making your bud susceptible to UV light and undesirable temperatures. This exposure can cause your bud to dry out and lose its potency very quickly. You should only use plastic for short-term transportation of weed, and not as a long-term storage system. We recommend using foil or paper instead of plastic if you’re in a storage pinch.

Maintain Ideal Temperatures

Conditions that are too hot or cold will damage the plant material and result in loss of cannabinoids. Don’t put your weed in the fridge/freezer and avoid storing it in place where the temperature fluctuates. The ideal temperature range for cannabis is 32°F and 68°F.

Control Humidity

The average stoner is more concerned with their weed drying out, but too much moisture can be a problem as well. If your weed is too moist, bacteria and mold can grow on the flowers, ruining your experience and making it potentially dangerous to inhale. It’s best to maintain humidity levels between 59%-63% to avoid degradation from excess moisture or drying. Products like the Bodeva Humidity Pack are great accessories to keep handy for humidity control.

Avoid Extended Light Exposure

UV light is one of the biggest accelerators of cannabinoid degradation. It’s important to store your weed in a cool, dark place where there will be little to no light exposure.

Best Storage Containers for Cannabis

The Classic Mason Jar

If you’re a stoner on a budget, a mason jar is a perfect place to store your bud. Glass is a great material for storing weed, as it does not emit or absorb the smell. It’s important to keep the jar in a cool, dark place to ensure it maintains a temperature between 32°F and 68°F and is not exposed to light to avoid cannabinoid degradation. Humidity is also a factor, so for those that want to be extra careful, we recommend getting a humidity control accessory such as the Herbal Boveda Pack to keep in the jar as well.

Stainless-steel Containers

Stainless-steel containers are more expensive than glass jars, but offer a bit more protection overall. They are made with food-grade materials and have an airtight seal that locks in odor and protects against excess moisture. Stainless-steel containers are also opaque compared to glass, so they safeguard against UV light exposure.

There are a number of stainless-steel products available, ranging from basic tin canisters to larger containers with humidity control additions. We recommend a CVault Cannabis Container if you want a little more from your storage product without spending too much.

Cannabis Humidors

Typically used to store cigars, you can now get humidors made specifically to keep your weed stash from getting moldy or dry. Humidors were originally made from cedar, a very porous wood that absorbs moisture and secretes oils that add to the tobacco flavor. Cannabis humidors are made from more neutral woods such as Mahogany, Cherry or Walnut, which are still very porous but won’t disrupt the natural flavor of the weed. Some humidors also come equipped with a humidifier and hygrometer to further maintain humidity levels.

Cannabis humidors are perfect for a stoner who appreciates the finer things (strains) in life. They are definitely an investment, but their sleek design makes them portable and discrete, and they come in a number of sizes. We recommend checking out Cannador if you’re interested in getting a classy cannabis humidor.

Stash Boxes

Stash boxes are great for a stoner on the move. Cheaper than a humidor, the low-profile, compact container fits all your essential smoking paraphernalia. They come in all shapes and sizes, and some may include additional smoking accessories. They are also smell-proof, discrete, and offer protection from light exposure. Stash boxes help keep all your accessories organized and easy to access. They are not airtight, so we recommend using them for travel or short-term storage.

Silicone Stash Containers

Silicone containers are great for those who enjoy cannabis concentrates. These containers are made of medical-grade silicone and are airtight and odor proof. They are designed to be small and discrete and make using concentrates like wax and oil easy and mess free. Silicone containers are also inexpensive and great for both long and short-term storage.

About Terra

The article is the courtesy of Terra: terracannabis.com

If you’re searching for a place to buy marijuana online, look no further. Terra is Canada’s leading online marijuana dispensary that ships directly to you, no matter where you are in the country. We provide fast and discreet shipping on all of our products. Ordering with us is as simple as signing up for an account, placing your order, and submitting payment via e-transfer.

Check out our wide selection of flower, concentrates, edibles, and vape pens. If you’re having trouble deciding or have questions about any of our marijuana products, hit us up and we’d be happy to lend a hand.