Whenever you decide getting closer wether to a Marijuana recreational culture or a Cannabis way of medicine or meditation, this is the next question you ask:
Why is Sativa, and What is Indica for?
Pretty everywhere where marijuana is respected and is allowed by law, in every single seeds’ description, every grow-shop, every dispensary, every coffee-shop (whatever the legal weed delivery is called in your country). Everywhere the weed, except its exact speccy name, is labeled also: “Sativa”, “Indica”, “Skunk”… yet the latter we meet seldom these days.
Sometimes with percentages like this:
This is one of the most popular specie in the world, and it’s only 75% of indica, and it’s said in the description: Blueberry is a famously enjoyable and classy cannabis that has a tasty flavor and vibrant colours. This indica is known for its colourful fan leaves and purplish bud that produce a fruity flavor and taste. This is an excellent strain for pain relief and relaxation.
How To Distinguish Sativa or Indica, and — Why?
This is the easy question, don’t be afraid of it too much. One my friend once told me a simple formula to catch the basic idea: Sativa is to laugh, and Indica is to sleep. Not only this, but it shows the idea pretty well, and easy to remember. ‘Skunk’ however is the indoor-breeders’ MIX of Indica and Sativa (wiki) taking its name from the animal due to a strong smell which these species provide. Just to note that there are only two main families: Indica and Sativa, and skunk is not a number three, but just used widely in the coffee-shops of Amsterdam.
Sativa gives a taller plant comparing to Indica which is more bushy. That is why breeders often add indica into mixture to get the ‘highness’ of sativa but the size of indica.
Many sources however point to the shape of a plant and teach us how to distinguish between Indica and Sativa when they are in a form of a plant… as if we meet plants daily on the streets or trotting around a jungle, as if there is much difference when a friend offers a puff and you refuse because of a wrong plant-family.
Here we go the cannabis leaves of Sativa (on the left) and Indica (on the right):
The main difference however is that SATIVA contains more of THC, not always but in general. This is why it is “for laughing”. Being the main psychoactive component of marijuana THC affects the brain, therefore you feel “higher” due to more amount of THC consumed. Even a little bit hallucinogenic it may be with strong strains, sources se-so, but to get that high from a regular marijuana is not easy, you’ll need to train yourself to feel your body well-enough and play with your brain and feelings (some people spend years in temples in India smoking religiously all the time… “hallucinogenic” is not that you see monsters all around right after one puff, don’t worry).
As for INDICA… It does not mean at all that you’re not high with Indica, it’s very fine too, but just contains (in general) more of CBD which gives you relaxation and pain relief (if any) and this is the reason why it is referred as “for sleep” and this is the reason why Indica is in fact more close to the definition of MEDICAL marijuana.
Summary – Indica and Sativa
PLANTS SATIVA is more straight and tall cannabis plant, loosely branched with long and narrow leaves, basically much more taller than a Cannabis Indica plant. While INDICA is more like a bush, densely branched and wider leaves (see the image to compare), and significantly lower in height. It’s said that Sativa can reach up to 10-20 feet height in the wild, and this is another reason why breeders mix both Indica and Sativa into the INDOOR strains to inherit the smaller height of Indica to keep the plants still lower than your growing space is.
THC / CBD INDICA contains in general more of CBD and less of THC. Therefore it is considered more for the medical use, relaxing, calm and pain-releasing. While SATIVA is highly energetic, stimulating and adds some extra activity to the brain too, more “trippy” so to say. It’s not that Indica does not provide a trip, yet it contains less of THC. You can read the related article about THC tripping: THC: Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol
Growing INDICA is more often considered as an AMATEUR strain to grow your own Marijuana supply in a household. Don’t worry, you’ll be high enough, and you’ll get all medical effects too, Indica is not ‘bad’, but just EASIER, and it stands better against pests and climate conditions.
Easy to grow — the best offer for the beginner’s first try. Still enjoying the high-end cannabis strain in the end with a smooth aroma of coffee and nutmeg. From growers to beginner growers, the perfect choice!
Feminized — means that you get one trouble less. Yet, not autofem, which may mean you’re still on a beginner’s quest about the light-regimes.
50% of Sativa and 50% of INDICA mix, you get all-in-one this time before you choose your own preferences, what to grow, to smoke, to smell, even growing strains to create a specific mood. Yet, staying in the middle for awhile, is often perfect for starters to gain own errors.
Can reach up to 20% of THC. The high standard on the market.
Contains 0.3% of THC makes such one good for a MEDICAL use too. Most certainly CBD will be contrary high
8 weeks to flower Such shall mean: very fast. FOr indoor with a good care and light regime and nearly perfect temperatures, it’s 3-4 months – still considered fast enough. For outdoor growing for a regular weed in a regular green-house… up to 6 months, or about.
More of History
The terms of “Indica” and “Sativa” were suggested for the first time by French biologist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck in 1785. While his comparing the Cannabis plants grown in India which were used to produce highly psychoactive hashish for religious purpose, to those from Europe mainly used for ropes and cloth. Eventually he discovered that the latter was less psychoactive. And this is the very idea to differentiate “herb” and “marijuana” in legal terminology nowadays.
However, the modern breeders are already far from these initial classification. Most of strains are a mixture of two, and Indica may already contain good amount of brain-altering compounds, making scientists to debate to change the terminology. But for the everyday use, for the cannabis marketing and for the home-growing referring to cannabis plants as Indica or Sativa still works good.