Common Cannabis Plant Problems: Seeds, Roots and Stems

Cannabis plant may suffer a certain amount of problems and sicknesses, and this troubleshooting guide we have compiled as a practical advice to diagnose a problem, how to recognize and prevent the possible seed issues, root issues and stem issues. There can be also pH and water related leaf symptoms, but we focus on the very base – hit which one to jump to: roots, stems and seeds. And in the first place you should find the part of the cannabis plant or type of plant material that is showing a symptom that makes you think there is a problem.

Seeds Issues

Jump to: Stem Issues or Root Issues

These are the beginning of life for the cannabis plant, and any problems with such a base of life will result in poor performance throughout the entire grow and finally affect the total yields. This is the common picture of cannabis seed we all know it well.

The Ideal Seed

The ideal seed is a dark green, almost brown, may also have sort-a ornamental stripes or markings, also depending on genetics. A viable seed is plump and firm. Applying slight pressure on the seed should not crush the outer coating.

Brittle Seed

A brittle seed, less brown or too light green, or if you push slightly and it cracks or otherwise break the coating – all these demonstrate that the seed is not yet rite and most probably it will not survive to maturity. Remove such seeds at once. And then while producing the seeds – in case you do not buy ready steady seeds but instead going to do it on your own – it’s recommended to keep them growing until they naturally fall to the ground which is a healthy approach and seeds will be naturally ripe and ready to produce a new healthy cannabis plant in your garden.

Green Seed

The green seed however can be saved, but just there is no actual reason to do so except that it is literally the last seed in this particular genetic collection, or you are a castaway in a small piece of land in the middle of Pacific alone, whatever. To save such seed one should be out into paper towel into dark warm place – right, like you do while germination. So if it goes darker and then finally sprout – plant such seed closer to surface, as soon as it does not have enough nutrients in its stock to make the full way.

10 Top Reasons Why Seeds Do Not Germinate

Too big, too small?
Size does matter, after all
Zu groß, zu klein?
Er könnte etwas größer sein
(from ‘Rammstein’)

1. Too Cold. Cold temperatures can kill seedlings by preventing germination or otherwise result a slow, uneven germination and provoke attacks by soil diseases.

2. Too Hot. Higher temperatures result a dry soil and injury to seeds or seedlings.

3. Too Wet. Excess water prevents oxygen, and also cause soil fungi related diseases.

4. Too Dry. Water is just vital and essential for germination. So maintain the soil moisture and/or the humidity when germinating before putting into soil, by putting plastic wrap or glass covers.

5. Too Deep. If planting cannabis seeds too deep then the sibling shall need more energy to go through while the amount of it is still determined by the capacity of the seed itself, as soon as it is filled with nutrients to supply this emerging stage. Limited “food storage” for a sibling may result a weaker plant in general. Recommended planting depth: ½ in.!

6. Too Shallow. If you plant cannabis seeds too shallow they can dry out too quickly.

7. Too Firm. If your mix of soil is too firm – that may affect the oxygen from getting to seeds and later – the roots, and also affect drainage.

8. Too Loose. Soil that is too loose will result in too much air surrounding seeds, making it harder to absorb moisture and your siblings will most likely dry out.

9. Soil Fungus. Keep it all clean – from your germination container, properly cleaned before you ever start, and then the pot well washed, and all the surrounding. And still any overwatering, lack of ventilation or drainage, may cause appearing of fungus attacking the seeds. Prevention is the best (if not the only) tool against these ones.

10. Non-viable Seeds. By any reason unviable: whether if the seeds have been stored improperly or been damaged, or simply immature seeds (see above) or just lack of luck this time without any visible reason.

Roots Issues

Jump to: Stem Issues or Seeds Issues

Roots are the beginning of the plant. They supply everything to the buds through the whole plant system. You need a strong and healthy root system to be able to pass enough nutrients all way up to support the plant at its maximum growth rate.

As soon as the whole root structure is not much visible it is important to take proper preventative measures to avoid even any possibility that roots ever develop problems.

Tight-packed Roots Curling Around the Edge of the Pot

That one is a very common scenario especially in the conditions of limited grow space – like a pot, for example, or any other container. The very beginner grower mistake at the same time, and quite predictable too. Also keep in mind that the roots take less advantage of the container’s horizontal space. Just give them more space.

Root Stunting

Root Stunting – when roots become chunky and in the laterals especially, and the whole system may discolor to brown or grey. Root stunting is often a result of calcium deficiency, acidity, aluminum toxicity, and boron deficiency or copper toxicity.

Loose and Weak Roots

Generally speaking roots grow well in a space with a carefully maintained pH and lots of oxygen. And weak thin roots can be an early message that you need more oxygenation. Poor drainage or tight soils can be reasons – check them first.

Smelly Roots

Sounds disgusting to me. Okay, this is lack of oxygen making the condition in which roots start rotting. I would not try saving a rotten plant, yet it can be saved in some occasions, and let us consider this is the worst root problem to avoid.

Stems Issues

Jump to: Seeds Issues or Root Issues

Stems transport all nutrients from the soil through the roots into the leaves and buds. Nice strong thick stems demonstrate the health of the whole system and result good frosty harvest in the end.

Leaning Branches

This is also related tot he next issue with weak and long – and both are about strength in the stems and branches, but just different reason. Except lacking the light the reason may be in lack of wind, and the plant cannot simply train the strength. Give more wind and your cannabis girl shall become more sporty and well fitness’ed then )

Thin and Tall and Looking Weak

The most common for this is lack of light. When getting insufficient amount of light the plants start stretch into direction of poor light source. In the early emerging stage of the plant just dig it down deeper when transplanting. Adding an extra fan to increase the airflow is also a solution – it may strengthen the stems because they’ll resist stronger wind. And in any case – add more light if such possible.

Broken Stem

This is not the end of the world yet don’t panic. Tape the broken stem together with the undamaged stem or stronger branch with a string. Using some additional supporting pole is also a good idea. Give it a lot of time to recover before giving load back onto the damaged part.

If it was a cat or a dog who damaged the cannabis plant, then think twice then, as soon as cats and dogs are also the carriers for germs of all sorts ann varieties, that can bring even more harm to your cannabis plant.

Find most comprehensive pocket guides

in PDF books downloadable collection:

Marijuana Bible + free books bonuses

WHO, World Health Organization Has Recognised The Whole Cannabis Plant

Holly Mary Mother Of God! FINALLY and we were waiting for long, the World Health Organization (WHO) has recently recognised cannabis, and has provided recommendations (to whoever is yet listen to the recommendations) to unblock the international trade and to reschedule the whole plant. So it appears very much they were totally wrong with their previous “policy” on cannabis plant, and they now acknowledge the fact, which is a good news for he canna fam community.

WHO has recently recognized cannabis as a whole plant, and has provided rcommendations to unblock the international trade.

Thank you very much, you are in time and in a shining armour as always: it is already ongoing, and already the hottest topic with and the biggest the bravest expectations that the legalization will hit its final target in 2019-2020: the whole worlds waits now when weed is becoming legal on the federal level in USA and that shall most probably mean: the worldwide legalization. Check the trends: the whole world expects in tremble when it is eventually done.

The Farm Bill  in USA

The situation by now however – the cannabis is still illegal, but not the whole thing. The Farm Bill 2018 issued in the USA in the end of 2018 legalized the hemp crops and the use of hemp as you wish unless the thc is absent (below 0.3% which is practically none). The remarkable victory against the Prohibition the farmers of the US started in late 70s, almost 50 years from today, the bill supports medical marijuana as long as it is “cbd medical” translating to the huge variety of cbd-products, cbd oils and concentrates along with the famous “rope” from “it’s a rope not a dope”.

A goood news but still a job to do

Don’t be messed up, the thc is still illegal and is still in the Schedule I, and the substances over there are described as no medical use, no scientific interest, dangerous for health, etc, etc. – yes, you got it right, a very unpopular opinion in 2019, and that is why they discuss it so much nowadays, and we wait.

2019-2020 in US (many predict) and 5 years more for UK

Many opinions predict the full scale marijuana market legalization soon in 2019-2020 in US, yet our brothers in UK shall wait longer: British MPs stated (after their visit to Canada for a master class, for a show case, when an MP for the first time in History has tested marijuana shooting his “buzz” on camera) well, they have stated that it’s 5-10 years more they need to realize the dank and everything around it, to prepare the whole country’s infrastructure to accept it in the best efficient way. Hopefully that was a joke about 5 to 10 yrs  and it is taking much shorter in reality.